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57 Cards in this Set

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ACHALASIA
FAILURE OF SMOOTH MUSCLE FIBERS TO RELAX AT THE TOP OF THE STOMACH RESULTING IN FOOD BACKING UP
ADVANCE DIRECTIVE
A LEGAL PAPER WHICH ALLOWS A PATIENT TO STATE WISHES ABOUT THE USE OF LIFE-SUPPORT MACHINES AND MEDICAL TREATMENT; ALSO CAN BE SUED TO NAME SOMEONE ELSE TO MAKE MEDICAL CHOISES FOR THE PATIENT
AEROPHAGIA
SWALLOWING AIR
ASPIRATION
PASSAGE OF FOOD OR NON-FOOD MATERIAL BELOW THE LEVEL OF THE VOCAL FOLDS
ASPIRATION, AUDIBLE
IF A PERSON ASPIRATES AND COUGHS WE REFER TO THIS AS AN AUDIBLE ASPIRATION
ASPIRATION SILENT
IF A PERSON ASPIRATES INTO THE TRACHEA AND DOES NOT COUGH WE REFER TO THSI AS SILENT ASPIRATION
ATELECTASIS
INCOMPLETE EXPANSION OR COLLASPE OF PULMONARY ALVEOLI OR OF A SEGMENT OR LOBE OR LOBES OF THE LUNG
AUSCULTATION
PROCESS OF LISTENING FOR SOUNDS PRODUCED IN THE BODY CAVITIES, CHEST, ETC... TO DETECT ABNORMAL CONDITION
BOLUS
A MASS OF MASTICATED FOOD PREPARED FOR TRANSFER AND SUBSEQUENT SWALLOW
BOLUS FEEDING TUBE
TUBE FEEDING GIVEN IN A CONCENTRATED DOSE RATHER THAN SPREAD OUT ON A SLOWER DRIP OVER TIME
BUCCAL
PERTAINING TO THE SPACE BETWEEN THE TEETH AND THE CHEEK
BRUXISM
GRINDING OF THE TEETH- SOMETIMES NOTED IN HEAD TRAUMA- BRAIN STEM PATIENTS
CERVICAL OSTEOPHYTE
A BONY GROWTH ON THE ANTERIOR PART OF THE CERVICAL SPINE THAT PROTRUDES INTO THE ESOPHAGUS
CUFFED TRACH TUBE
A TRACHEOSTOMY TUBE WITH A CUFF THAT CAN BE INFLATED; THE CUFF RESTS BELOW THE VOCAL CORDS AND SERVES AS AN ANCHOR IN THE TRACHEA
CRICOPHARYNGEUS
CIRCULAR MUSCLE THAT CONSTRICTS AN ORIFICE. PORTION OF THE INFERIOR PHARYNGEAL CONSTRICTORS(UES- UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER)
DEGLUTITION
THE ACT OF SWALLOWING
DEHYDRATION
A CONDITION IN WHICH A PATIENT IS NOT GETTING ENOUGH FLUIDS TO KEEP CELLS HYDRATED
DUODENUM
THE FIRST PART OF THE SMALL INTENSTINE
DYSPHAGIA
A DISORDER OF SWALLOWING
DYSGEUSIA
DYSFUNCTION OF THE SENSE OF TASTE
EDEMA
SWELLING CAUSED BY AN ABNORMAL ACCUMULATION OF FLUID IN THE INTERCELLAR SPACES
EDENTULOUS
WITHOUT TEETH
EPIGLOTTIS
THE FAN-SHAPED CARTILAGE IN THE MIDDLE OF THE PHARYNX. IT TILTS DOWN DURING SWALLOWING TO HELP CLOSE THE TRACHEA AND PREVENT ASPIRATION INTO THE LARYNX AND TRACHEA
ESOPHAGUS
A MUSCULAR TUBE EXTENDING FROM THE PHARYNX TO THE STOMACH
FAUCIAL ARCHES
PERTAINING TO FAUCES; THE OPENING OF THE ORAL PHARYNX BOND BY THE SOFT PALATE , BASE OF THE TONGUE, AND PALANTINE ARCHES
FIBEROPTIC ENDOSCOPIC EVALUATION OF SWALLOWING (FEES)
A PROCEDURE IN WHICH AN ENDOSCOPE IS PASSED TRANSNASALLY INO THE PHARYNX FOR ASSESSSMENT OF SWALLOWING
GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD)
MOVEMENT OF CONTENTS OF THE STOMACH UP AND OUT OF THE STOMACH INTO THE ESOPHAGUS
GLOBUS
FEELING OF FULLNESS OR SENSATION OF A LUMB IN THE THROAT
GLOSSECTOMY
SURGICAL REMOVAL OF PART OR ALL OF THE TONGUE
GUSTATORY
PERTAINING TO TASTE
INFILTRATES (PULMONARY INFILTRATES)
INDICATES THAT SOME SUBSTANCE HAS PASSED INTO THE LUNGS AND IS VIEWED ON X-RAY ; DOES NOT NECESSARILY MEAN THAT IT IS ASPIRATED SUBSTANCE
INTUBATION
INSERTING A BREATHING TUBE THROUGH THE LARYNX INTO THE TRACHEA TO ATTACH THE PATIENT TO A VENTILATOR
JEJUNUM
THE SECOND PART OF THE SMALL INTESTINE BETWEEN THE DUODENUM AND ILIUM
MALNUTRITION
THE PATIENT IS NOT GETTING ENOUGH FOOD TO MAINTAIN ADQUATE HEALTH OR THE PATIENT'S BODY MAY NOT BE ABLE TO ASBORB AND DISTRIBUTE THE NUTRITION THE PATIENT IS RECEIVING
MANDIBLE
LOWER JAW
MASTICATION
THE ACT OF CHEWING
MAXILLA
UPPER JAW
NASOGASTIC TUBE (NG TUBE)
FEEDING THROUGH A TUBE PLACED THROUGH THE NASAL PASSAGE LEADING TO THE STOMACH
NASAL CANNULA
SMALL TUBING THAT CARRIES OXYGEN DIRECTLY INTO THE NOSE
NPO
ABBREVATION TO INDICATE "NOTHING BY MOUTH"
OLFACTORY
PERTAING TO SENSE OF SMELL
ODYNOPHAGIA
PAIN OR FEELING OF OBSTRUCTION ON SWALLOWING
PALATE
ROOF OF THE MOUTH
PARESIS
PARTIAL OR INCOMPLETE PARALYSIS
PARENTERAL NUTRITION
A PATIENT'S TOTAL CALORIC NEEDS ARE BEING MET BY INTRAVENOUS ROUTE. A DEEP LINE IS SURGICALLY PLACED INTO THE SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY AND NUTRITION IN A CLEAR SOLUTION IS DELIVERED DIRECTLY INTO THE CHAMBER OF THE HEART; SOMETIMES CALLED TOTAL PARENTERAL NUTRITION (TPN) OR PARENTERAL HYPERALIMANTATION
PERCUTANEOUS ENDOSCOPIC GASTROSTOMY (PEG)
SURGICAL PLACEMENT OF A FEEDING TUBE INTO THE STOMACH FOR NUTRITIONAL PURPOSES
PERISTALIS
A WAVE-LIKE PROGRESSION OF VOLUNTARY CONTRACTION AND RELAXATION OF MUSCLE FIBERS WHICH ASSISTS IN TRANSPORTING THE BOLUS THROUGH THE ESOPHAGUS
PHARYNX
PASSAGEWAY EXTENDING FROM THE NASAL CAVITY TO THE ESOPHAGUS FOR FOOD AND LIQUID TRANSMISSION AND SOUND
PNEUMONIA
INFLAMMATION OF THE LUNGS
PRESBYESOPHAGUS
AS WE AGE (PRESBY-) THE CONTRACTIONS OF THE ESOPHAGEAL MUSCLES MAY SLOW DOWN
REFLUX
SEE GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX
RETENTION
RETAINING OF MATERIAL IN AN AREA
SULCUS
A FURROW OR GROOVE
STASIS
STOPPAGE OF NORMAL FLOW OF MATERIAL
TRISMUS
TONIC CONTRACTION OF THE MUSCLES OF MASTICATION THAT PREVENTS OR MAKES THE MOUTH OPENING DIFFICULT
UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER (UES)
THE UES IS A GROUP OF MUSCLES AT THE TOP OF THE ESOPHAGUS THAT REMAINS TIGHTLY CLOSED DURING BREATHING, RELAXES BRIEFLY WHEN WE SWALLOW TO ALLOW FOOD TO ENTER THE ESOPHAGUS AND REMAINS TIGHTLY CLOSED AFTER SWALLOWING TO PREVENT FOOD AND LIQUID FROM REGURGITATING BACK INTO THE PHARYNX
XEROSTOMIA
DRYNESS OF MOUTH