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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are the 3 phases of Swallowing?
Oral phase, Pharyngeal phase, Esophageal phase
The part(phase) of swallowing that occurs in the throat.
Pharyngeal phase
The part(phase) of swallowing when the food is moved from the esophagus into the stomach.
Esophageal phase
The part(phase) of swallowing that occurs in the mouth.
Oral phase
The Food and liquid that is ready for swallowing is called a _______________.
This happens when food enters the airway below the true vocal folds.
What is peristalsis?
The wave-like motion that moves the bolus down the esophagus.
How long does the esohageal phase last?
Between 8-20 seconds
What does is the job of the Tongue Driving Force?
To generate pressure in the upper pharnx
The oral phase consists of what structures during the swallowing process
Jaw, lips, tonge, teeth, cheeks, and hard/soft palates
The pharyngeal phase consists of what structures during the swallowing process
Hyoid, epiglottis, larynx, pharynx
The esophageal phase consists of what structures during the swallowing process
Trachea, esophagus
Approximately how may times do we swallow per day?
600 times a day
What are the 2 primary functions of Swallowing and Feeding?
To direct food, liquid and saliva from the mouth to the stomach while keeping the airway protected. and To provide enough of the right types of liquids and foods to permit adults to stay healthy and children to grow an develop.
What are the duties of an SLP in Dysphagia?
To teach patients techniques for eating and swallowing AND To make recomendations aboutdiets, specifying the consistency of foods that a patient can safely consume (thick/thin liquids, puree/mecanical soft)
What usually results from impaired control of the tongue?
Oral-phase disorders
What is aspiration?
The passage of food or liquid through the vocal folds
People who aspirate are at risk for____________________.
Describe the severity of aspiration in 2 ways
Esimate the percentage of the total bolus aspirated. Estimate the depth of bolus invasion into the airway.
What percentage of patients with strokes have Dysphagia?
Children with feeding and swallowing dificuties are at risk for ______________, ___________, and ____________.
Malnutrition, Dehydration, and Respiratory problems
What are some causes of Feeding and Swallowing problems in children and infants?
Prematurity, Cerebral Palsy, Autism, Head and Neck abnormalties, Gastroesophageal Reflux, and Respiratoy difficulties
What are some symtoms of Feeding and Swallowing disorders in children and infants?
Poor feeding, Difficulty chewing, Gagging, Vomiting during meals, etc.
What is the size of a newborn's larynx?
<4mm (premature <3mm)
What are some Treatments recommended by SLPs or doctors for infants/children based on results from feeding evaluations?
Postural r positioning changes, Food temperature and Texture changing, Nutritional changes, Behavior Management Techniques, Direct Feeding therapy, etc.
___________is a protective reflux involved in the clearance of material in the airway.
Couging or Choking
____________is the most common primary esophageal motility disorder in children.
Dysphagia can be classified as________________or______________________.
Neurologic or Nonneurologic