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26 Cards in this Set

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Name the three parts of the plant:
root, stem, leaf
Name the function of the root:
1)anchor the plant
2)provide water & minerals
3)store food
Different types of roots are adapted to different ___.
climates
Plants in the desert have roots ______ the surface to catch any rainfall.
close
What is the purpose of the prop root?
to provide an anchor for the tree in moist soil
How do fibrous roots help prevent soil erosion?
by matting the soil in with the roots
What type of root can reach water deep in the ground?
tap root
Why do plants store food and water.
to survive during harsh conditions
The food stored by plants is in the form of _____ and ___.
starch and sugar
What are the functions of the stem?
1)hold the plant up,
2)carry food and water through the plant
3)hold the leaves
The two tubes found in the plant that carry water, minerals and food to the plant are: 1 2
1) xylem
2)phloem
The ____ carries water and minerals to the plant.
xylem
The ____ carries food to the plant.
phloem
The old xylem of a woody plant is called ______.
wood
What do leaves need to make food? 1) 2) 3)
1)water & minerals,
2)carbon dioxide,
3)energy (sunlight)
____ is a type of plant that passes water and nutrients from cell to cell because they do not have a xylem or phloem.
nonvascular plants
___ ____ are the part of the root that take in water and minerals.
root hairs
Plants with ____ stems are large, such as bushes and trees.
woody
The tiny holes in a plant allow carbon dioxide to enter and oxygen to leave are called _______.
stomata
_____ is a gritty material much like sand that is found in the plant, horsetail.
silica
Conifers are known as ____ because they produce unprotected seeds.
gymnosperms
The tiny plant found in the seed is called the ____.
embryo
Once a seed sprouts, the plant is now known as a __.
seedling
_____ can only be pollinated by the wind.
gymnosperms
About ____% of the medicines we use today are made from plants.
40%
An important heart medicine, called digitalis, is made from the _____ plant.
foxglove