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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name the three parts of the plant:
root, stem, leaf
Name the function of the root:
1)anchor the plant
2)provide water & minerals
3)store food
Different types of roots are adapted to different ___.
Plants in the desert have roots ______ the surface to catch any rainfall.
What is the purpose of the prop root?
to provide an anchor for the tree in moist soil
How do fibrous roots help prevent soil erosion?
by matting the soil in with the roots
What type of root can reach water deep in the ground?
tap root
Why do plants store food and water.
to survive during harsh conditions
The food stored by plants is in the form of _____ and ___.
starch and sugar
What are the functions of the stem?
1)hold the plant up,
2)carry food and water through the plant
3)hold the leaves
The two tubes found in the plant that carry water, minerals and food to the plant are: 1 2
1) xylem
The ____ carries water and minerals to the plant.
The ____ carries food to the plant.
The old xylem of a woody plant is called ______.
What do leaves need to make food? 1) 2) 3)
1)water & minerals,
2)carbon dioxide,
3)energy (sunlight)
____ is a type of plant that passes water and nutrients from cell to cell because they do not have a xylem or phloem.
nonvascular plants
___ ____ are the part of the root that take in water and minerals.
root hairs
Plants with ____ stems are large, such as bushes and trees.
The tiny holes in a plant allow carbon dioxide to enter and oxygen to leave are called _______.
_____ is a gritty material much like sand that is found in the plant, horsetail.
Conifers are known as ____ because they produce unprotected seeds.
The tiny plant found in the seed is called the ____.
Once a seed sprouts, the plant is now known as a __.
_____ can only be pollinated by the wind.
About ____% of the medicines we use today are made from plants.
An important heart medicine, called digitalis, is made from the _____ plant.