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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The man sold me his car
PRETERIT: sold is a completed action, over and done with, finished
The man will call me later
FUTURE: the word 'will'
The man was working last night ...
Choice:
Imperfect tense or Past Progressive: WAS ING
The man shot his dog
PRETERIT: completed action, shot, done and over with, specific point in time
The man has died
Present Perfect
Have/Has + died
2 words where first is have/has + another participle (verb)
Classes will end soon
future: will
The classes ended at 2:00
PRETERIT: past tense, completed action, specific point, 'ended'
The classes have ended already
Present Perfect: have/has + participle. Any time you have have/has + another verb
My father yelled at me last night
PRETERIT:
'yelled' - done and over, specific time in past
I threw up 5 times yesterday
PRETERIT: completed action, specific ending point, done and over with ....
I haven't seen him
PRESENT PERFECT
have/has + participle
She hasn't left yet
PRESENT PERFECT:
Have/has + participle
She is reading right now
CHOICE: present tense or present progressive.
I am, you are, he is + ing
(progressive = ing)
She was reading last night when
CHOICE: imperfect or past progressive (was/were + ing)
(ing = progressive)
She used to study more
IMPERFECT
'used to' is always imperfect
Do it
Command , an order
She gave it to me already
PRETERIT: completed action, specific point in time
The dog bit her
PRETERIT: completed action, specific point in time
The dog was sick when...
IMPERFECT (back ground information, not an action, no clear ending point)
It was hot when
IMPERFECT (background of a story, no action, no clear ending point)
She was working hard when
CHOICE:
Imperfect: background
Past progressive: was/were ing
It is 6:30
present tense (now)
It was 6:30
IMPERFECT: time in past, background of story
She will kill you tonight
Future (will)
She hasn't seen you
PRESENT PERFECT
has/have + participle
She is happy
present tense (now)
She wanted to be a doctor
IMPERFECT (the verb to want expresses a desire over an extended period of time, like background, not an action, not specific point in time)
She went to paris last year
Preterit: completed action, specific starting and stopping point
She will do it later
future (will)
She has finished the test
present perfect
has/have + participle
It was a cold night ...
IMPERFECT (background to story, no action)
It rained yesterday
PRETERIT: completed action, clear starting/stopping point
It was raining
choice:
imperfect (background)
past progressive (was/were + ing)
I used to rain more
imperfect (used to)
They used to study at Gilmour
IMPERFECT (used to)
I knew that you ...
IMPERFECT: knew implies that you knew it for along time, you still know it, not completed action (not preterit)
I forgot my homework today
preterit (completed action, clear point in time)
Have you forgotten anything
present perfect (have /has + participle)
Call me later
command
I am studying now
Present or present progressive
(progressive = ing)
I don't smoke
present (general present tense)
I will never smoke
Future (will)
Have you ever smoked?
PResent perfect (have/has + participle)
She never used to smoke
imperfect (used to)
The door was open when...
imperfect (background of story, no action)
I closed the door
preterit (completed action, specific point)
She will do it for us
future (will)
Haven't you forgotten something
Present Perfect
have/has + participle
She needs to work more
present tense (general present time)
She didn't do it
Preterit
(completed action, specific point)
The wind was blowing terribly...
choice:
imperfect (background to story)
past progressive (ing = progressive)
The dog is barking like crazy
choice; present or
present progressive (progressive - ing)
She sat down and ate her dinner
2 preterits
(completed actions, done, specific points)
She used to love me
Imperfect
(used to)
She was waiting for him ..
choice:
imperfect (background)
past progressive (progressive = ing)
She fixed her car and left
preterit
completed action, specific point in time
She hasn't fixed it yet
present perfect
has/have + participle
Has she called you yet
present perfect
has/have + participle
I haven't finished it yet
present perfect
has/have + participle
I did it already
preterit.
completed action, done
Do you know her
present tense (general present tense)
When did you meet her?
preterit: specific point, completed action
Did you know my sister
imperfect: the sentence implies that you knew her for a long period of time (not a specific point or completed action)
What were you saying
choice: imperfect (background) or past progressive (progressive -ing)
What did you say
preterit
completed action, specific point in time
They weren't home when ...
imperfect: background of story before an action occurs
She sold it to me yesterday
preterit; completed action, specific point in past
He is cooking for you
choice: present or present progressive (progressive = ing)
He was cooking dinner when ...
choice: imperfect (background of story) or past progressive (ing)
Has he cooked for you yet
present perfect: has/have + participle
will you do it for me
future (will)
** New choice **
I had sold
PAST perfect (any form of had + participle)
**New Choice **
I will have given my car ...
FUture perfect (any form of will have + participle)
**New Choice**
I will be working
Future progressive (any form of will be + ing)
**New Choice**
To be or not to be
Infinitive
SER or NO SER