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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a large, complex administrative structure that handles the everyday business of an organization
a person who works for a bureaucratic organization
the officials in the executive branch of a government and their policies and principles
an agency which supports the chief executive and other administrators by offering advice and other assistance in the management of the organization
Staff agency
an agency which performs the tasks for which the organization exists
Line agency
an organization of several agencies staffed by the President’s closest advisors
Executive Office of the President
a detailed financial document containing estimates of federal income and spending during the coming fiscal year
Federal budget
the 12-month period used by a government and the business world for its record-keeping, budgeting, revenue collecting, and other financial management purposes
Fiscal year
all matters not directly connected to the realm of foreign affairs
Domestic affairs
often called the Cabinet departments, they are the traditional units of federal administration
Executive departments
official in charge of a department of government
head of Department of Justice
Attorney general
additional agencies created by Congress located outside the Cabinet departments
Independent agencies
agencies headed by a single administrator with regional subunits, but lacking Cabinet status
Independent executive agencies
-independent agencies created by Congress, designed to regulate important aspects of the nation’s economy, largely beyond the reach of presidential control
Independent regulatory commissions
having to do with powers that are to some extent legislative
having to do with powers that are to some extent judicial
corporations within the executive branch subject to the President’s direction and control, set up by Congress to carry out certain business-like activities
Government corporation
those civilian employees who perform the administrative work of government
Civil service
-the practice of giving offices and other favors of government to political supporters and friends
Spoils system
practice of giving jobs to supports and friends
a record or list of names, often kept by an official appointed to do so
supported by two parties