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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What type of drug is Levothyroxine (Synthroid) and what does it treat?
a thyroid agent that treats hypothyroidism
What type of drug is Liothyronine (Cytomel) and what does it treat?
a thyroid agent that treats hypothyroidism
What are treatments for hypothyroidism?
thyroid hormone suppliment and increased dietary intake of iodine

-diet high in fiber and high cellulose foods
What are symptoms of hypothyroidism?
Mood instability, fatigue (physical), sluggish reflexes, slowed speech and a hoarse voice, slow heart rate, slowed metabolism, weight gain
What are the treatment methods of hyperthyroidism?
Surgery, Radioisotope Therapy, Thyrostatics, Beta blockers
What is hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism is the result of excess thyroid hormone production (an overactive thyroid gland)
What hormones are involved in hyperthyroidism?
an excess of circulating free thyroxine (T4) or free triiodothyronine (T3), or both
What are some symptoms of hyperthyroidism?
weight loss (often accompanied by a ravenous appetite), intolerance to heat, fatigue, weakness, hyperactivity, irritability, apathy, sweating
What are Thyrostatics and what are they used to treat?
drugs that inhibit the production of thyroid hormones, hyperthyroidism
What is Sodium Iodide 1-131?
It is a radioactive iodine that is given orally (either by pill or liquid) on a one-time basis to destroy the function of a hyperactive gland

Treatment of hyperthyroidism; radioisotope therapy
What is Potassium Iodide (SSKI) and what are its uses?
a white crystalline salt used in photography and radiation treatment.

Also may be used to protect the thyroid from radioactive iodine in the event of an accident or attack at a nuclear power plant, especially where a nuclear reactor is breached and the volatile radionuclides are released into the environment.
What is SSKI?
Potassium Iodide; hyperthyroidism
Methimazole (Tapazole)
an antithyroid drug similar in action to propylthiouracil; part of the thioamide group
What are Thioamides?
Thioamides inhibit many steps in the synthesis of thyroid hormones.
Propylthiouracil (Propacil)
PTU is a thionamide drug used to treat hyperthyroidism by decreasing the amount of thyroid hormone produced by the thyroid gland.
Name an anatomical problem occuring as a result of hyperthyroidism
a goitre or bronchocele: swelling in the neck due to an enlarged thyroid gland
What is the function of the parathyroid glands?
to regulate the calcium level in the body (within a very narrow range)
Where are the parathyroid glands located?
on the posterior surface of the thyroid gland