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14 Cards in this Set

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A chemical substance which is capable in low concentrations of inhibiting the growth or killing micro-organisms.
ANTIMICROBIAL
True or False: Mold is capable of producing penicillins that kill other micro-organisms.
True
Explain the meaning of a BROAD SPECTRUM antibiotic?
Broad spectrum antibiotics kill or inhibit the growth of many different organisms including infecting and non-infecting organisms.
When is a broad spectrum medication used?
It is used against unidentified organisms, mixed infections, and when no other alternatives are available.
Fill in the blanks:
________ drugs alter natural flora which can lead to _____________ and pseudomembranous colitis.
Broad spectrum, super-infection
Name the three categories of PENICILLINS.
Penicillin G, Penicillinase Resistant, Extended Spectrum
Ampicillin (Omnipen) - p.o., inj
Extended Spectrum, Penicillins
Piperacillin/Tazobactam (Zosyn) - inj.
Extended Spectrum, Penicillins
Ampicillin/Sulbactam (Unasyn) - inj.
Extended Spectrum, Penicillins
Amoxicillin/Clavulanate (Augmentin) - p.o.
Extended Spectrum, Penicillins
Ticarcillin/Clavulanate (Timentin) - inj.
Extended Spectrum, Penicillins
Piperacillin (Pipracil) - inj.
Extended Spectrum, Penicillins
Ticarcillin (Ticar) - inj.
Extended Spectrum, Penicillins
Amoxicillin (Amoxil) - p.o.
Extended Spectrum, Penicillins