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77 Cards in this Set

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hallucinogen
drugs that alter moods, thoughts, and sense perceptions including vision, hearing, smell, and touch
stimulant
a drug that increases the CNS, heart, and other organs
tolerance
a condition in which the body becomes used to the effects of a medicine.
marijuana
plant whose leaves, bugs, and flowers are usually smoked for their intoxicating effects
withdrawal
a condition that occurs when a person stops using a medicine on which he or she has a chemical dependence
drugs
substances other than food that change the structure or function of the body or mind
inhalant
substances whose fumes are sniffed or inhaled to achieve a mind-altering effect
overdose
a strong, sometimes fatal reaction to taking a large amount of a drug
designer drugs
synthetic substances meant to imitate the effects of hallucinogens and other dangerous drugs
medicine
drugs that are used to treat or prevent diseases, fight pathogens, relieve pain, and promote health
narcotics
specific drugs derived from the opium plant that are obtainable only by prescription and are used to relieve pain
anabolic steroids
synthetic substances similar to the male hormone testosterone
psychoactive drugs
chemicals that affect the central nervous system and alter activity in the brain
depressant
drugs that tend to slow the CNS
addictive drug
substance that causes physiological & psychological dependence
nicotine
addictive drug found in tobacco, restricts blood vessels
carcinogen
cancer-causing substance
tar
dark, thick, sticky substance produced when tobacco is burned
carbon monoxide
colorless, odorless gas that has an affinity to blood
smokeless tobacco
tobacco that is sniffed in the nose, held in the mouth, chewed in the mouth
# of carcinogens in chewing tobacco
28 carcinogens
leukoplakia
thick & white leathery spots inside your mouth
Short-term effects of tobacco
bad breath; yellow teeth; smelly hair, clothes, and skin; coughing; increased heart & respiration rates
long-term effects of tobacco
lung/mouth/throat cancer, bronchitis (inflammation of the bronchial tubes), emphysema, heart disease/stroke, high blood pressure
external consequences of tobacco
financial, social, and legal problems
nicotine withdrawal
process that occurs when your body no longer gets nicotine
environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)
second-hand smoke
mainstream smoke
smoke that is exhaled
sidestream smoke
smoke that comes fromt he end of a cigarette
second-hand smoke's effects on a non-smoker? # of carcinogens?
causes eye irritation, headaches, coughing, reduced oxygen levels. newborns 2.5x more likely to die from SIDS. 43 carcinogens.
ethanol
alcohol present in alcoholic beverages
fermentation
chemical action between yeast & sugar
deressant
decreases CNS action
intoxication
body is poisoned by alcohol
external influences
peers, family, media, advertisement techniques
internal influences
gender, amount of food in the stomach, consumption rate
alcohol abuse
excessive use of alcohol
alcohol-related traffic collisions by teens is...
the #1 cause of death & disability
vaccine
a preparation introduced to the body to stimulate an immune response
antitoxins
substances that neutralize the effects of toxins
prescription drugs
drugs that cannot be used without a written approval of a physician
OTC
Over-the-counter. Drugs that can be bought without a prescription.
drug misuse
mixing, discontinuing, taking too much, too little, or taking someone's
substance abuse
any unnecessary or improper use of chemical substances for non-medical purposes
illegal drug
substances that people of any age may not lawfully manufacture, possess, buy, or sell
addiction cycle
tolerance -> dependence -> addiction
types of psychoactive drugs
inhalants, stimulants, depressants, narcotics, & hallucinogens
examples of inhalants
aerosol cans, solvents, spray paint, glue
effects of inhalants
mind-altering effects, possible brain damage
examples of stimulants
cocaine, crack, amphetamines, tobacco, caffeine
effects of stimulants
increases CNS action
examples of depressants
tranquilizer, GHB
effects of depressants
decreases CNS action
examples of narcotics
opium, morphine, heroine, codeine
effects of narcotics
relieves pain
examples of hallucinogens
PCP, LSD, XTC, mushrooms
effects of hallucinogens
alters moods & thoughts
more than ___% of smokers start when they are still a teenager
90%
smoking harms ___ more rapidly than it harms ___
young people, adults
___ of out ___ teens who try smoking cigarettes will become ___
1, 3, addicted
___ is the most ___ health problem in this country, killing more people every year than ___ other drugs ___.
smoking, serious, all, combined
tobacco companies have kept smokers addicted by...
manipulating the levels of nicotine in their products
tobacco spend more money on advertising than the ___ industry
car
tobacco use causes ___ disease, ___, and harms the ___ system
heart, cancer, immune
tobacco use decreases the ___ and lung ___ required in athletic competition
stamina, capacity
tobacco use affects the ___ by causing low ___ weight, which is associated with still-births and developmental deficits in young children.
fetus, birth
medical experts consider ___ more addictive than crack, cocaine, or heroine
tobacco
use of chewing tobacco, cigars, and pipes cause ___ of the mouth, lips, and throat.
cancer
short-term effects of drinking
brain becomes less controllable; mov't speech, ability to make good choices, vision, digestive system, and the respiratory system may be affected; stomach acid increases, causes nausea; blood vessels expand, causing decreased respiratory rate; reduces body's involuntary functions
what is the term for the percentage used for the amount of alcohol in the blood?
blood alcohol concentration (BAC)
in most states, drivers with a BAC of ___% are considered to be driving while intoxicated, or ___
.10, DUI
signs of intoxication
slower reflexes, reduced ability to judge distances and speed, increased risk-taking. less concentration starts as low as .02% BAC
consequences of DUI
death, injury, jail
binge drinking
drinking five or more alcoholic drinks at one sitting
binge drinking can lead to...
alcohol poisoning
alcohol poisoning is potentially ___
fatal
symptoms of alcohol poisoning
confusion, coma, seizures, slow respiration, irregular heartbeat, hypothermia, and dehydration.