Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are antianxiety agents used for?
management of various forms of anxiety, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
Which antianxiety drugs are more suited for intermittent or short-term use?
benzodiazepines
Which antianxiety drugs are more suited for long-term use?
buspirone
paroxetine
venlafaxine
What do most antianxiety drugs cause?
generalized CNS depression
What negative effect may benzodiazepines have in the long term?
tolerance and a potential for addiction
Antianxiety drugs have NO _____ properties.
analgesic
When should antianxiety drugs not be used? (5)
comatose patients
pre-existing CNS depression
uncontrolled severe pain
pregnancy
lactation
When taking benzodiazepines, use cautiously in patients with? (5)
hepatic dysfunction
severe renal impairment
severe underlying pulmonary
disease
suicidal
previous drug addictions
Additive CNS depressive effects with concurrent use of benzodiazepines may occur with use of? (5)
alcohol
antihistamines]
some anti-depressants
opioid analgesics
phenothiazines
Most antianxiety drugs should not be used with?
MAO inhibitors
What 3 cardiorespiratory functions should be assessed frequently while on IV administration?
blood pressure
pulse
respiratory status
Restrict the amount of drug available to patient, especially if patient is? (3)
depressed
history of addiction
suicidal
What two things should be assessed before and periodically throughout therapy?
degree of anxiety
level of sedation
ataxia
dizziness
slurred speech
Define ataxia?
defective muscular
coordination, esp. that
manifested when voluntary
muscular movements are
attempted
(FYI: there are at least 13
different types of
ataxia (Tabers)
Two potential nursing diagnoses?
Injury, high risk for
Knowledge deficit related to
medication regimen
Patients changing to _____ (antianxiety drug) from other antianxiety drugs should receive gradually decreasing doses?
buspirone
(buspirone will not prevent withdrawal symptoms)
Patient/family teaching for antianxiety drugs?
May cause daytime drowsiness.
Avoid driving until response
to med determined
Avoid alcohol and other
CNS depressants
Notify if pregnancy planned
or suspected
Effectiveness of therapy can be demonstrated by?
a decrease in anxiety level
What are 6 benzodiazepines?
alprazolam {Apo-Alpraz}, {Novo-Alprazol}, {Nu-Alpraz}, Xanax, Xanax XR

chlordiazepoxide
{Apo-Chlordiazepoxide}, Libritabs, Librium, {Novopoxide}

diazepam (Apo-Diazepam}, Diastat, {Diazemuls}, Dizac, D-Val, {Novodipam}, {PMS-Diazepam}, Valium, {Vivol}

lorazepam {Apo-Lorazepam}, Ativan, {Novo-Lorazem}, {Nu-Loraz}

midazolam Versed

oxazepam {Apo-Oxazepam}, {Novoxapam}, Serax
What are 6 miscellaneous antianxiety drugs?
buspirone BuSpar

doxepin Sinequan, {Triadapin}, Zonalon

hydroxyzine {Apo-Hydroxyzine}, Atarax, Hyzine-50, {Multipax}, {Novohydroxyzin}, Vistaril

paroxetine Paxil, Paxil CR

prochlorperazine Compazine, {Stmetil}, Ultrazine

venlafaxine Effexor, Effexor XR