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15 Cards in this Set

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Summarize Adlerian
Maslow, Frankl, May & Ellis all acknowledge roots in Adler

Many ideas have found their way into other psychological theories

Limitations: Need more current empirical research. Oversimplifies complex human functioning

Strengths: Holistic, emphasis on social nature is congruent for many collectivist cultures.
4 points
Driekur's Phase I of Therapeutic Process
Form inital hypothesis about client's life - reconsider through therapy.

Inital focus on the person - not the problem or techniques

Foster positive relationship through basic listening skills (Ivey)

Give encouragement for client's capacity to understand purpose & make change.
4 points
Driekur's Phase II of Therapeutic Process

Subjective Interview - Help person tell story as completely as possible by treating them as expert in their own life.

Counselor extracts patterns/develops hypothesis

"The Question" How would your life be different if you didn't have this problem.

Objective Interview - Lifestyle interview - gather social, environmental, physical & psychological info.

Outcomes of Lifestyle Assessment - Holistic narrative account of how person deals with life's tasks - Uncover private logic regarding coping - Hear experiences that affected development.

Integration & Summary - Integrate information from interviews - Refine and discuss with client.
Driekur's Phase III of Therapeutic Process
Encouraging Self Understanding & Insight

Self-Understanding = discovering hidden purposes/goals of behavior

Insight = understanding motivation

Outcomes of this phase include client understanding motivations, how they contribute to the problem and how to correct the problem.
Driekur's Phase IV of the Therapeutic Process

Action oriented, putting insights into practice to discover more functional behaviors and life goals.

Encouragement when people become aware of their strengths (Positive Asset Search)
Adlerian Therapy - Client's Role
Active & collaborative

Explore private logic - concepts about self/others and philosophy on lifestyle. Problems arise when private logic does not fit with requirements of social living

Learn how to correct faulty assumptions & basic mistakes
Person-Centered/Humanistic View of Human Nature
Client is trusted to move toward purpose & meaning if the appropriate conditions are met
Steps in Ethical Decision Making

(Corey, Corey & Callahan)
1. Identify the problem - clarify with client

2. Identify potential issues - who will be affected

3 Review relevant code of ethics

4. Know laws and policies

5. Consult with a variety of professionals

6. Consider consequences for possible actions

7. Decide, act & evaluate - learn from actions
7 steps
Qualitative Research
Describes phenomena in words instead of numbers
General Methods of Research
Survey Research
Historical Research
Ethnographic Research
Experimental Research
At least one variabe is deliberately manipulated or varied by the researcher to determine effects.

Participants must be assigned randomly
Instead of having participants randomly assigned, "naturally" assembled groups are used.
Survey Research
Deals with incidents, distribution and relationships of educational, psychological and sociological variables.

Expost Facto attempt to determine the relationships and effects occuring between the variables.
Historical Research
Studying a problem, issue, phenomenon in the past and information collected from the past serve as the data to be interpreted.
Ethnographic Research
Commonly associated with anthrophology.

Ethnography - In depth analytical descripton of a specific cultural situation.

Observation, descriptons with qualitative judgements