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22 Cards in this Set

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DREAM
A SEQUENCE OF IMAGES, EMOTIONS, AND THOUGHTS PASSING THROUGH A SLEEPING PERSON'S MIND; NOTABLE FOR HALLUCINATION, IMAGERY
MANIFEST CONTENT
THE REMEMBERED STORY LINE OF THE DREAM
LATENT CONTENT
THE UNDERLYING MEANING OF DREAMS
PAVLOV'S EXPERIMENT
THE MEAT WAS THE UCS WHILE THE DOG SALIVATING WAS THE UCR; THEN THE BEEP WAS THE CS AND THE DOG SALIVATING WAS THE CR
OPERANT CONDITIONING
LEARNING IN WHICH BEHAVIOR IS STRENGTHENED IF FOLLOWED BY A REINFORCEMENT OR DIMINISHED IF FOLLOWED BY A PUNISHMENT
EXTINCTION
THE DIMINISHING OF A CONDITIONAL RESPONSE
GENERALIZATION
THE TENDENCY, ONCE A RESPONSE HAS BEEN CONDITIONED, FOR STIMULI SIMILAR TO THE CS TO ELICIT SIMILAR RESPONSE

EX: a dog is trained to sit (CR) when you give the command, "sit" (CS). Soon after that, the dog might sit when you say "hit", "bit", and "kick". In this case, the CR (sitting) is not only done to the CS (the command, "sit") but also to commands that are similar.
POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT
GIVING PRAISE FOR DOING HOMEWORK IS AN EXAMPLE
NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT
TAKING AWAY THE CAR FOR GETTING BAD GRADES IS AN EXAMPLE
REINFORCEMENT
ANY EVENT THAT INCREASES THE FREQUENCY OF A PRECEDING RESPONSE
PUNISHMENT
AN EVENT THAT DECREASES THE BEHAVIOR THAT IT FOLLOWS
POSITIVE PUNISHMENT
SPANKING; PARKING TICKET
NEGATIVE PUNISHMENT
REVOKING DRIVER'S LICENSE
COGNITIVE MAP
MENTAL IMAGE OF ONE'S SURROUNDINGS

EX: YOU LEAVE PSYCH CLASS AND YOU KNOW YOU'RE GOING TO WALK DOWN THE HALL AND UP THE STAIRS
SHAPING
GRADUALLY REWARDING THE ORGANISM AS IT APPROACHES THE DESIRED BEHAVIOR

EX: GIVING CANDY TO A KID FOR DOING THEIR HW
PARTIAL REINFORCEMENT
REINFORCE PART OF THE TIME; DESIRED BEHAVIOR WILL NOT OCCUR
SEMANTIC
THE SET OF RULES WHICH WE DERIVE MEANING FROM MORPHEMES, WORDS, AND SENTENCES IN A LANGUAGE; ENCODING MEANING OF WORDS
REPRESSION
BANISHES ANXIETY AROUSING THOUGHTS, FEELINGS, AND MEMORIES
PROACTIVE INTERFERENCE
CANNOT RECALL NEW INFO BECAUSE OF OLD INFO

EX: CANNOT RECALL NBC10 BECAUSE OF NBC4
REHEARSAL
REPETITION OF INFO TO MAINTAIN CONSCIOUSNESS OR TO ENCODE IT FOR STORAGE
INTRUSION
PERSISTENCE, ENCODING FAILURE, STORAGE DECAY, RETRIEVAL FAILURES, R.A.I, P.A.I, MOTIVATED FORGETTING, ETC.
NOAM CHOMSKY
helped spark the cognitive revolution in psychology through his review of B.F. Skinner's Verbal Behavior, in which he challenged the behaviorist approach to the study of mind and language dominant in the 1950s. His naturalistic approach to the study of language has also affected the philosophy of language and mind; credited with the establishment of the Chomsky–Schützenberger hierarchy, a classification of formal languages in terms of their generative power.