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22 Cards in this Set

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Symmetry
any form that can be divided along a central axis and yield two identical halves.
Overlapping
occurs when an object conceals from view part of itself or other objects positioned behind it.
Cropping
occurs when part of an image is cut off by the edge of the picture plane.
Proportion
refers to size relationships, such as comparing the width of a form to its height or the size of one form to another.
Contour Line
define the internal and external edges of forms. Contour lines can vary in line weight to depict an illusion of volume.
Picture Plane
refers to the imaginary plane through which artists view their subject. This plane also corresponds to the two-dimensional surface upon which a drawing is created.
Viewpoint
this is a general term that refers to the location of your eyes in relation to the subject.
Full View
this occurs when the subject is parallel to your viewpoint.
Foreshortened View
this occurs when the subject is not parallel to your viewpoint.

Fore-short-en-ing: his refers to the visual compression of an object’s dimensions when it is viewed at an angle to the picture plane (or at an angle to your viewpoint).
Ellipse
the shape of a foreshortened circle.
Pencil Measure
the technique of using a straight edge to measure proportions within the subject.
Subject, Subject Matter
this refers to the identifiable things (objects, landscapes, figures, etc.) depicted in a drawing.
Sighting
the process of visually measuring proportion, shape, and position in the subject.
Cover Sheet
a blank sheet attached to the front of a drawing to protect its surface.
Cross Contour
move a-cross the surfaces of forms and emphasize volume.
Value
refers to relaltive degrees of lightness and darkness.
Value Scale
a visual scale that depicts a progression of value change from black to white.
Value Foundation
a quick, general rendering of the light and shadow in your subject using only three values: dark gray, middle gray, and white.
Chiaroscuro
Developed during the Italian Renaissance, this is a theory or technique for applying light and shadow to create an illusion of form and depth
Highlight
where the light source directly hits the object
Cast Shadow
where the light is completely blocked by the object on the surface it sits on
Reflected Light
the light reflected by the paper from the light source