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73 Cards in this Set

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HOW ARE EUCARYOTIC CELL STRUCTURES DIFFERENT THAN P.C. STRUCTURE (3)
PRESENCE OF TRUE NUCLEUS AND OTHER MEMBRANE( PLASMA MEMBRANE) BOUND ORGANELLES
----LARGER SIZE
----STRUCTURALLY AND FUNCTIONALLY MORE COMPLEX
WHAT IS THE AVG SIZE OF A EC
AVG 10-100 MM
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE CELL WALL IN EC
PROTECTION, MAINTAIN CELL SHAPE
WHAT ARE FUNGAL CELL WALLS COMPOSED OF
POLYSACCHARIDES, SUCH AS CHITAN, CELLULOSE, GLUCAN
WHAT ARE ALGAE CELL WALLS COMPOSED OF
POLYSACCHARIDES SUCH AS CELLULOSE AND PECTIN
WHAT ARE PROTOZOANS CELL WALLS COMPOSED OF
PROTOZOANS LACK TRUE CELL WALLS BUT MAY HAVE A PELLICLE
DEFINE "PELLICLE"
MULTIPLE LAYERS OF THREAD LIKE PROTEINS THAT OVERLAP FOUND JUST INSIDE OF THE PLASMA MEMBRANE.
WHERE ARE PELLICLE MEMBRANES FOUND
JUST INSIDE OF THE PM
DO EC HAVE PEPTIDOGLYCAN
NO
WILL PENICILLAN AFFECT E. CELLS
PENICILLAN WILL HAVE NO AFFECT ON E.C ,,,,YOU CAN'T USE DRUGS THAT TARGET PEPTIDOGLYCAN
DEFINE THE STRUCTURE OF THE PLASMA MEMBRANE OF EC
PHOSPHOLIPID BILAYER
WHAT ARE EMBEDDED IN THE PHOSPHOLIPID BILAYER OF EC
PROTEINS, AND STEROLS
WHAT ARE STEROLS IN EC
STEROLS ARE EMBEDDED IN THE PHOSPHOLIPID BILAYER AND THEY ARE CHOLESTEROL.
WHAT IS ATTATCHED TO THE PROTEINS ON THE SURFACE OF THE PM IN EC
CARBOHYDRATES ARE ATT
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF STEROLS IN THE PM OF EC
STEROLS PROVIDE STRENGTH AND RIGIDITY TO THE CELL WALL
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE PM OF EC (2)
ALLOWS THE CELL TO "SENSE" ITS ENVIRONMENTS , SERVES AS A SELECTIVELY PERMEABLE BARRIER
LIST THE (4) TYPES OF MOVEMENT ACROSS THE PM OF EC
ACTIVE TRANSPORT, BULK TRANSPORT, PASSIVE DIFFUSION, FACILITATED DIFFUSION
WHAT ARE THE TWO TYPES OF BULK TRANSPORT
EXOCYTOSIS
ENDOCYTOSIS
DEFINE EXOCYTOSIS
MOVEMENT OUT OF THE CELL
DEFINE EXOCYTES FUNCTION
MEMBRANE BOUND VESSICLES INSIDE THE CELL ( CARRYING WASTE, TOXINS, ETC) MOVE TO THE PM AND THE MEMBRANE OF THE VESICLE FUSES W/PM, RELEASING CONTENTS OF VESICLE TO THE EXTERIOR
DEFINE ENDOCYTOSIS
A TYPE OF BULK MOVEMENT INTO THE CELL
DEFINE THE FUNCTION OF ENDOCYTOSIS
THE PM INVAGINATES, DRAWING MATERIALS IN FROM THE EXTERIOR A PORTION OF PM PINCHES OFF AND FORMS A MEMBRANE BOUND VESICLE.
NAME THE TWO TYPES OF ENDOCYTOSIS
PHAGOCYTOSIS
PINOCYTOSIS
DEFINE PHAGOCYTOSIS
CELL TRANSPORTS SOLID MATERIALS
DEFINE PINOCYTOSIS
A TYPE OF ENDOCYTOSIS----CELL TRANSPORTS LIQUIDS INTO CELLS
DESCRIBE THE STRUCTURE OF THE NUCLEUS OF EC
LARGEST ORGANELLE INSIDE A CELL, COVERED BY A DOUBLE MEMBRANE ( A TOTAL OF 4 LAYERS
THE NUCLEUS OF EC CONTAINS _______
GENETIC INFORMATION (DNA) W/ AT LEAST 3X AS MUCH DNA AS A TYPICAL PROCARYOTE
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE NUCLEUS OF EC
CARRIES BLUEPRINTS/INSTRUCTIONS FOR STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL FEATURES OF THE CELL
DEFINE THE STRUCTURE OF RIBOSOMES OF EC
COMPOSED OF PROTEIN AND RNA
WHICH RIBOSOMES ARE LARGER,,,PC OR EC
RIBOSOMES OF EC ARE LARGER THAN THE RIBOSOMES OF PC
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF RIBOSOMES OF EC
PROTEIN SYNTHESIS----USING INSTRUCTIONS FROM DNA
WHAT TWO LOCATIONS CAN YOU FIND RIBOSOMES IN EC
FREE FLOATING IN CYTOPLASM
ATTATCHED TO ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
RIBOSOMES THAT ARE FREE FLOATING IN THE CYTOPLASM OF EC DO------------
SYNTHESIZE PROTEINS TO BE USED IN THE CYTOPLASM THAT DO NOT REQUIRE "PACKAGING"
RIBOSOMES THAT ARE ATTATCHED TO THE ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM ----------
SYNTHESIZE PROTEINS FOR SECRETION, INSERTION INTO THE PM OR CELL WALL, FOR VACOULES, FOR LYSOSOMES
DEFINE THE STRUCTURE OF ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM (ER)
A NETWORK OF MEMBRANE BOUND TUBULES AND FLATTENED SACS
WHAT ARE THE TWO TYPES OF ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
ROUGH ER
SMOOTH ER
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BTWN ROUGH ER AND SMOOTH ER
ROUGH ER HAS RIBOSOMES ON THE SURFACE,,,SMOOTH ER HAS NO RIBOSOMES
DEFINE THE FUNCTION OF SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
CONTAINS ENYMES INVOLVED IN LIPID SYNTHESIS
GIVE TWO EXAMPLES OF LIPID SYNTHESIS
STEROLS OR PHOSPHOLIPIDS
ONCE LIPIDS ARE CREATED (IN SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM )(ER) WHAT DOES THE SMOOTH ER DO
SMOOTH ER PACKAGES LIPIDS IN A VESICLE FOR TRANSPORT THROUGH THE CELL
ONCE LIPIDS ARE CREATED (IN SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM )(ER) WHAT DOES THE SMOOTH ER DO
SMOOTH ER PACKAGES LIPIDS IN A VESICLE FOR TRANSPORT THROUGH THE CELL
LIST THE EXAMPLE THAT WAS GIVEN IN THE CLASSROOM THAT DESCRIBED SMOOTH ER
EXAMPLE OF THE POSTAL SYSTEM----STAPLER,,,PACKAGING LIPIDS
IN ROUGH ER WHAT DO RIBOSOMES MAKE
PROTEINS
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF ROUGH ER
PACKAGES PROTEINS MADE BY RIBOSOMES ON THE SURFACE FOR TRANSPORT THROUGH THE CELL.
DESCRIBE THE STRUCTURE OF GOLGI APPARATUS
STACKS OF FLATTENED, MEMBRANE-BOUND SACS
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE GOLGI APPARATUS
RECEIVES VESSICLES FROM ER, MODIFY CONTENTS OF THE VESICLE re-packages modified content in a vesicle, sends to a final destination
GIVE TWO LOCATIONS THAT A GOLGI APPARATUS COULD SEND THE RE-PACKAGED MODIFIED CONTENT TO "FINAL DESTINATION"
PLASMA MEMBRANE, VACOULE, LYSOSOME
DEFINE "LYSOSOMES"
BREAK DOWN BODY
DEFINE THE STRUCTURE OF LYSOSOMES
MEMBRANE BOUND VESICLE, CONTAININING DIGESTIVE ENZYMES
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF LYSOSOMES
LYSOSOMES FUSE WITH OTHER VESICLES OR ORGANELLES AND DEGRADE THE CONTENTS.
DEFINE THE STRUCTURE OF VACOULES
MEMBRANE-BOUND VESICLE CONTAINING A VARIETY OF DIFFERENT MATERIALS.
LIST (3) OF THE VARIOUS MATERIALS THAT VACOULES CONTAIN
CARBOHYDRATES, PROTEINS, SALTS
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF VACOULES
STORAGE
DEFINE THE STRUCTURE OF MITOCHONDRIA
COVERED BY A DOUBLE MEMBRANE, BEAN SHAPED
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF MITOCHONDRIA
"POWERHOUSE OF THE CELL" REACTIONS INVOLVED IN CELLULAR RESPIRATION
MITOCHONDRIA=CELLULAR RESPIRATION,,,,WHAT DOES CELLULAR RESPIRATION PRODUCE
ATP
DEFINE THE STRUCTURE OF CHLOROPLAST
BOUND BY A DOUBLE MEMBRANE
WHAT TYPE OF MICROBES (ONLY) CAN YOU FIND "CHLORPLAST"
CHLOROPLAST CAN ONLY BE FOUND IN PHOTOSYNTHETIC MICROBES
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF CHLOROPLAST
SITE OF RXNS IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS
WHAT IS THE CYTOSKELETON COMPOSED OF (STRUCTURE)
MICROFILAMENTS, INTERMEDIATE FILAMENTS, MICROTUBULES
WHAT ARE MICROFILAMENTS COMPOSED OF
A PROTEIN CALLED ACTIN ( FOUND IN MUSCLES)
WHAT IS THE SMALLEST FIBER TYPE THAT IS FOUND IN THE CYTOSKELETON
MICROFILAMENTS ARE THE SMALLEST TYPE
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF MICROFILAMENTS IN THE CYTOSKELETON
MAINTAIN CELL SHAPE AND MOTILITY= COMPONENT OF CILIA AND FLAGELLA AND PSEUDOPODIA
DEFINE THE STRUCTURE OF INTERMEDIATE FILAMENTS FOUND IN THE CYTOSKELETON
LONG TWISTED FIBROUS PROTEINS
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF INTERMEDIATE FILAMENTS THAT ARE FOUND IN THE CYTOSKELETON
MAINTAINS THE CELL SHAPE, ANCHOS ORGANELLES IN PLACE
WHAT IS THE FUNCT. OF MICROTUBULES THAT ARE FOUND IN THE CYTOSKELETON
MAINTAINS THE CELL SHAPE, USED AS "TRACKS" TO MOVE ORGANELLES THROUGH THE CELL.
LARGEST TYPE OF CYTOSKELETON FIBER TYPES
MICROTUBULES
WHICH OF THE THREE CYTOSKELETON FIBER TYPES IS COMPOSED OF ( STRUCTURE) TUBULIN
MICROTUBULES ARE COMPOSESD OF TUBULIN
THE MOTILITY OF MICROTUBULES ARE A COMPONENT OF ___________ AND ___________
CILIA AND FLAGELLA
STRUCTURE OF CILIA AND FLAGELLA OF EC
BOTH ARE HAIRLIKE EXTENSIONS FROM THE SURFACE OF THE CELL COMPOSED OF MICROFILAMENTS AND MICROTUBULES
IN EC. HOW IS THE MOVEMENT OF CILIA AND FLAGELLA COMPLETED
MOVEMENT IS MADE BY THE PROCESS OF UNDULATION
WHAT IS THE BASIC FUNCTION OF CILIA AND FLAGELLA IN EC
MOTILITY
IN EC. WHICH IS LARGER FLAGELLA OR CILIA,,,LIST THERE SIZES
FLAGELLA ARE LARGER 100-200 MM CILIA ARE SMALLER 5-20 MM