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32 Cards in this Set

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PLASMA MEMBRANE
-REGULATES FLOW OF MATERIALS IN AND OUT OF CELL
-AIDS IN CELLULAR COMMUNICATION
CYTOPLASM
STUFF IN CELL
CYTOSOL
fLUID/LIQUID IN THE INTRACELLULAR MIX
ORGANELLES
THE WORKING PARTS OF THE CELL
NUCLEUS
-MAIN INTRACELLULAR ORGANELLE
-HOUSES THE DNA OF THE CELL
DNA
-MADE UP OF CHROMOSOME (SINGLE DNA MOLECULE)
-EACH CHROMOSOMEMADE OF INDIVIDUAL GENES(PARTS OF DNA STRAND)
AMPHIPATHIC
HAVING HYDROPHILLIC AND HYDOPATHIC PARTS
HOW MANY PARTS IN THE PLASMA MEMBRANE?
6
-PHOSPOLIPID PORTOIN
-CHOLESTROL
-GLYCOLIPID
-INTERGRAL PROTEINS
-PERIPHERAL PROTEIN
-GLYCOPROTEIN
GLYCOCALYX
FORM OF GLYCOPROTEIN
-ALLOWS OUR BODY TO RECOGNIZE FOREGIN INVADERS
PERIPHERAL PROTEIN
LOOSLEY BOUND PROTEINS
FOUND IN INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL
SURFACES OF THE PLASMA MEMBRANE
GLYCOLIPID
LIPID WITH CARBOHYDRATE ATTACHED
CHOLESTROL
STEROIDAL STRUCTURE ATTACHED TO PHOSPHATE HEAD
5 FUNCTIONS OF PROTEINS
-PROVIDE ION CHANNELS
ex POTASSIUM
-PROVIDES TRANSPORT
-MOVE THINGS ON AND OUT OF CELL
HAVE RECEPTORS WHERE SUBSTANCES WILL BIND
-ex INSULIN
ENZYMATIC FUNCTIONS
-ACT AS CATALYST
HAVE LINKERS
PROTEIN LINKER
ANCHORS SPECIFIC PROTEINS IN THE PLASA MEMBRANE
LINKS THEM TO OTHER CELLS
PROTEIN ION CHANNELS
CELLULAR "PORE"
-ALLOWS SPECIFIC IONS TO FLOW IN AND OUT OF CELL
PERMEALABILITY
ABILITY OF SUBSTANCES TO PASS IN AND OUT OF CELL THROUGH PLASMA MEMBRANE
PERMEABLE
IMPERMEABLE
SELECTIVE PERMEABILITY
-ALLOWS SUBSTANCE TO PASS
-WILL NOT ALLOW PASSAGE
-VARIABLE LEVELS OF PERMEABILITY
CONCENTRATION GRADIENT
DIFFERENT CONCENTRATON OF FLUIDS IN CELL AND OUT DUE TO THE SELECTIVE PERMEABILITY OF PLASMA MEMBRANE
CHARGE OF EXTEACELLULAR FLUID
NEUTRAL
CHARGE OF INTRACELLULAR FLUID
NEGATIVE
MEMBRANE POTENTIAL
SUBSTANCES MUVE FROM HIGHER LEVELS OF CONCENTRATION TO LOWER (SHIT ROLLS DOWNHILL) :)
PASSIVE TRANSPORT
NO ENERGY REQUIRED IN MOVEMENT
ACTIVE TRANSPORT
ENERGY REQUIREMENT IN MOVEMENT
MIXING OF SUBSTANCES DUE TO A CONCENTRATION GRADIENT
DIFFUSION
CELLULAR DIFFUSION IS BASED ON ___NUMBER OF PRINCIPLES
5
5 PRINCIPLES OF CELL DIFUSSION
-PRESENCE OF CON. GRADIENT
-TEMPERATURE
-MASS OF DIFFUSONABLE
-SUBSTANCE
-SURFACE AREA
-DISTANCE
PRECENCE OF CONCENTRATION GRADIENT
-HOW LARGE THE DIFFERENCE IS BETWEEN ONSIDE AND OUTSIDE OF MEMBRANE
-LARGER THE DIFFERENCE THE FASTER THE DIFFUSION
TEMPERATURE IN CELL DIFFUSION
HIGHER THE TEMP THE FASTER THE DIFFUSION
MASS OF THE DIFFUSION SUBSTANCE
LARGER THE MASS=SLOWER DIFFUSION
SURFACE AREA IN CELL DIFFUSION
LARGER SURFACE AREA=FASTER DIFFUSION
DISTANCE IN CELL DIFFUSION
GREATER DISTACE=SLOWER DIFFUSION
SURFACE AREA IN CELL DIFFUSION
LARGER SURFACE AREA=FASTER DIFFUSION