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81 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
French composer. He is best known for his symphonic poem The Sorcerer's Apprentice (1897).
Dukas, Paul.
They hired a DUKE AS the actor who would play the Sorcerer
US secretary of state (1953-59) under President Eisenhower.
Dulles, John Foster.
He had an airport name after him.
German painter and engraver. Most famous for his engravings and woodcuts.
Durer, Albrecht.
He looked at a piece of wood and said "DO'R HER!"
1907-71, dictator of Haiti (1957-71). A physician, he was elected president in 1957: reelected in (1961), and in 1964 "Papa Doc" declared himself president for life. Upon his death, his son Jean-Claude, 1951-, became president for life. "Baby Doc" was forced to flee the country in 1986.
Duvalier, Francois.
Hati? DUDE, what a CAVALIER!
1841-1904, Czech composer best known for his Symphony in E Minor, From the New World (1893).
Dvorak, Antonin.
Too easy.
1897-1937. American aviator. She was the first woman to fly across the Atlantic, and the first person to fly alone from Hawaii to California. In 1937 she and Frederick Noonan set out to fly around the world, but they disappeared without a trace.
Earhart, Amelia.
Too easy.
1848-1929, American lawman. After serving as a policeman in Kansas, he was involved in the 1881 gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona.
Earp, Wyatt.
That would really EARP me off.
1854-1932, American inventor. He invented the Kodak camera (1888) and founded the Eastman Kodak Company in 1892.
Eastman, George.
Too easy.
1821-1910, founder of the Christian Science movement (1866).
Eddy, Mary Baker.
The movement hasn't EDDY'd since.
1895-1977, British statesman. He succeeded Churchill as prime minister in 1955, resigning in poor health two years later.
Eden, Sir Anthony.
Those two years were EDEN.
1847-1931, American inventor. Despite very little formal schooling and progressive deafness, Edison is often regarded as the greatest inventor of all time. His inventions include the microphone, record player, and kinetoscope. Perhaps his most significant invention was the development of the first commercially successful incandescent lamp (1879). His pioneering workshops in Menlo Park and West Orange, New Jersey employed several scientists instead of a lone inventor.
Edison, Thomas.
Too easy.
1703-58, American theologian. His revivals of 1734-5 helped bring the Great Awakening to New England. Perhaps best known for his sermon Sinners in the Hand of an Angry God.
Edwards, Jonathan.
Too easy.
?-1066, king of the English (1042-1066). Son of Ethelred the Unready, he was succeeded by Harold, the son of powerful noble Earl Godwin.
Edward the Confessor.
1042-1066. Died in Hastings?
1854-1915, German bacteriologist. A pioneer in chemotherapy, he shared the 1908 Nobel prize in physiology or medicine for his work in the treatment of syphilis.
Ehrlich, Paul.
To get syphilis, you have to, ER, LICK.
1906-62, German Nazi official. As head of the Gestapo's Jewish section he oversaw the murder of millions of Jews. After WWII, he escaped to Argentina, but was tried and hanged in Israel in 1962.
Eichmann, Adolf.
EICH! Its that evil MAN!
1879-1955, German-born Swiss-American physicist. One of the greatest scientists of all time, he is known for many discoveries including the Theory of Relativity, an explanation of Brownian motion, and the photoelectric effect (1921 Nobel Prize in physics). A Jew, he left Germany during Hitler's rise to power and stayed in the US. A pacifist, he urged President F.D. Roosevelt to investigate the possibilities of an atomic bomb because of the danger that Germany might develop such a weapon. After the war, he worked hard to prevent nuclear proliferation. In 1940 he became an American citizen, and held a post at Princeton from 1933 until his death.
Einstein, Albert.
Too easy.
A West Point graduate, he rose to prominence during WWII. In 1942, he was named US commander of the European theater, and in 1943 he became supreme commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force. He directed the Allied invasion of Europe in June 1944, and later that year was made a five-star general. He served as president of Columbia University from 1948-50, and resigned from the Army in 1952 to campaign for the Republican presidential nomination. He easily defeated Adlai Stevenson in the 1952 presidential election. One of his first decisions as president was to end the Korean War. Despite a heart attack in 1955, he easily won reelection in 1956. In 1957, he sent troops to Central High School in Little Rock, AR to enforce court ordered school desegregation. Also in 1957, he put forth the ___ doctrine, which committed the US to an active role in the Middle East to protect the area from Communist aggression. The cold war escalated before the end of his term, and he broke relations with Cuba just before leaving office in 1961.
Eisenhower, Dwight David.
1890-1969, 34th president of the US (1953-61).
1819-80, pseudonym of English novelist Mary Ann Evans. Her novels include Adam Bede (1859), Silas Marner (1861), and Middlemarch (1871).
Eliot, George.
Too easy.
1888-1965, English poet. His early poems include Prufrock and Other Observations (1917) and The Wasteland (1922). His later poems include Ash Wednesday (19O0) and Four Quartets (19O5). Plays include Murder in the Cathedral (19O5) and The Cocktail Parry (1950). He was awarded the 1948 Nobel Prize in literature.
Eliot, Thomas Sternes (T.S.).
Too easy.
1709-62, czarina of Russia (1741-62). The daughter of Peter I and Catherine I, she obtained the throne by overthrowing Ivan VI.
Elizabeth (Czarina of Russia)
1899-1974, African-American jazz pianist. Best known for his many jazz style innovations and his compositions including Mood Indigo and Solitude.
Ellington, Duke.
Too easy.
1914-95, African-American author of the classic novel, Invisible Man (1952), which detailed the struggles of a nameless young African American man.
Ellison, Ralph.
Too easy.
1745-1807, 3rd chief justice of the Supreme Court (1796-99).
Ellsworth, Oliver.
EL was WORTH being the 3rd chief justice.
180O-82, American author. He served as Unitarian minister (1829-02) at Boston's Old North Church, but left because of doctrinal disputes. Returning home after a trip to Europe, he settled in Concord, Mass., and along with Thoreau, Margaret Fuller, and others began the Transcendentalist movement. He put forth the movement's principals in Nature (1806). He often published in the Transcendentalist magazine The Dial.
Emerson, Ralph Waldo.
Too easy.
1820-95, German social philosopher. With Karl Marx, he was a founder of modern Socialism and Communism. In 1864, he helped Marx found the International Workingmen's Association, and from 1867-94 wrote Das Kapital with Marx.
Engels, Fredrich.
Too easy.
1466-1506, Dutch humanist. One of the greatest Renaissance figures, and author of In Praise of Folly (1509).
Erasmus, Desiderius.
He didn't want to ERASE MUCH from Praise of Folly.
10th century Norse chieftain. In c.982 he discovered and began the colonization of Greenland.
Eric the Red.
Too easy.
?300 B.C., Greek mathematician famous for his invention of elementary plane geometry. His presentation of mathematics is contained in his work entitled Elements.
Too easy.
480-406 B.C., Greek tragic poet. His surviving works include Alcestis, Medea, Andromache, The Trojan Women, Orestes, Iphigenia in Aulis, and The Bacchae.
YOU RIP a 'DESE works--Trojan Women, Alcestis, Medea, Andromache, Orestes, Iphigenia in Aulis, and The Bacchae
1851-1941, English archaeologist famous for his discovery of the ancient Minoan city of Knossos on the northern coast of Crete.
Evans, Sir Arthur.
Too easy.
1846-1920, Russian goldsmith well known for his richly jeweled Easter eggs he created for the Russian royal family.
Faberge, Peter.
He "FABRICATED" the eggs.
1876-1946, Spanish composer. He is best known for his ballet The Three-Cornered Hat (1917) which is based on a Pedro Alarcon novel.
Falla, Manuel de.
This FELLA' wrote the ballet The Three-Cornered Hat.
1791-1867, English scientist and developer of the first dynamo, the precursor of the modern electrical generator. Also discovered electromagnetic induction (18O1) and the compound Benzene.
Faraday, Michael.
Too easy.
1678-1707, English dramatist whose masterpiece is The Beaux' Stratagem (1707).
Farquhar, George.
The Beaux' Stratagem was written by a a FAR QUAR guy.
1801-70, American admiral. Famous for uttering his cry "Damn the torpedoes" while defeating a Confederate fleet in Mobile, AL. He was the first officer in the US Navy to receive the rank of Admiral.
Farragut, David.
Those torpedoes went FAR, faR Anough to reach the Confederate ship's GUT.
1904-79, American novelist most famous for his Studs Lonigan trilogy (1902-05).
Farrell, James T.
JUST KNOW IT! Farrell.
1897-1962, American novelist. Many of his novels were set in the fictional Yoknapatawpha county which he used as a microcosm of southern life. Novels include The Sound and the Fury (1929), The Hamlet (1940), A Fable (1954, Pulitzer), and The Reivers (1962, Pulitzer). He won the 1949 Nobel Prize in literature.
Faulkner, William.
Too easy.
1601-65, French mathematician. A founder of modern number and probability theory, he proposed Last Theorem. This theorem was apparently proven in 1994 by British mathematician Andrew Wiles.
Fermat, Pierre de.
The modern FORMAT of numbers is all thanks to him.
1905-, US politician. She served three terms as a Democrat member of the US House of Representatives (1979-84) before running as Walter Mondale's vice presidential candidate in 1984. With this unsuccessful run at the vice presidency, she became the first woman nominated for the vice presidency by a major party
Ferraro, Geraldine.
Too easy.
1170-1240, Italian mathematician. His namesake sequence is a sequence of numbers in which each term is the sum of the two preceding terms. 0,1,1,2,3,5,8,10,21...
Fibonacci, Leonardo.
Too easy.
1850-95, American writer most famous for his children's poems including Little Boy Blue and Wynken, Blynken, and Nod.
Field, Eugene.
The Little Blue Boy lived in a FIELD.
1707-54, English writer. Noted for the comedy Tom Thumb (17O0), the novel Tom Jones (1749), and the novel Joseph Andrews (1742), a parody of Samuel Richardson's Pamela.
Fielding, Henry.
Now, Tom Thumb lived in a FIELD...ING.
1800-74, A US representative from New York (1800-O5, O74O), he was elected vice president under Zachary Taylor in 1848 on the Whig ticket. He succeeded to the presidency after Taylor's death in 1850. In 1856 he was the unsuccessful candidate of the Know-Nothing party.
Fillmore, Millard.
10th president of the US (1850-50).
1940-, American chess player. In 1972 at Reykjavik, Iceland, he defeated Borris Spassky and won the world chess championship. He became the youngest player in history (age 15) to achieve the rank of Grand Master.
Fischer, Bobby.
Too easy.
1808-90, American statesman. A Whig congressman and senator from NY, he served as President Grant's secretary of state (1869-77).
Fish, Hamilton.
OK, he's a FISH!
1896-1940, American author. One of the greatest American writers of the 20th century. he was a literary spokesman of the jazz age. His novels include This Side of Paradise (1920), The Beautiful and the Damned (1922), The Great Gatsby (1922), Tender is the Night (19O4), and an unfinished novel The Last Tycoon (1941). His wife Zelda went insane.
Fitzgerald, F. Scott.
Way too easy.
1821-80, French novelist. His masterpiece is Madame Bovary (1857). Other works include Salammbo (1862) and Sentimental Education (1869).
Flaubert, Gustave.
Too easy.
1881-1955, Scottish bacteriologist. He serendipitously discovered the antibiotic Penicillin in 1928. He also discovered lysozyme (1922) and shared the 1945 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine.
Fleming, Sir Alexander.
Too easy.
1929-, US Politician. Speaker of the House of Representatives (1989-95) representing Washington State. In 1994 he became the first sitting Speaker to fail to win reelection since 1860.
Foley, Thomas.
A great FOLLY caused this Washingtonian to lose his seat.
187O-19O9, English author. His most important novels include The Good Soldier (1915) and his Parade's End tetralogy (1950).
Ford, Ford Maddox.
The Good Soldier and his Parade's End sold lots of FORDs.
Born in Omaha, NE as Leslie Lynch King Jr. He served as a Republican congressman from Michigan (1949-7O) and was appointed vice president of the US in 197O when he succeeded Spiro T. Agnew. He succeeded to the presidency on August 9, 1974 when President Nixon resigned. He lost the 1976 election to Jimmy Carter, partially due to a poor economy and public outrage over his pardon of Richard Nixon.
Ford, Gerald Rudolph.
38th president of the US.
186O-1947, American automobile pioneer. In 1903 he organized the Ford Motor Company. In 1908 he introduced the Model T sold over 15 million of them. Introduced the assembly line to automobile production'.
Ford, Henry.
Too easy.
1895-197O, American film director. He won Academy Awards for The Informer (19O5), The Grapes of Wrath (1940), How Green Was My Valley (1941), and The Quiet Man (1952).
Ford, John.
I imagine JOHN drove a FORD.
1899-1966, English novelist famous for his stories about fictional Captain Horatio Hornblower. Also wrote the novel The African Queen (19O5).
Forester, C.S.
Too easy.
1892-1949, secretary of the navy (1944-7) and secretary of defense (1947-9). He became the first secretary of defense in 1947. He resigned in 1949 and committed suicide later that year.
Forrestal, James.
This secretary of defense died in a FORREST...AL area.
1879-1970, English novelist. His novels include Where Angels Fear to Tread (1905), The Longest Journey (1907), A Room with a View (1908), Howard's End (1910), Maurice (191O), and his best-known and final novel, A Passage to India (1924).
Forester, E.M.
Too easy.
1826-64, American songwriter. Famous for his songs including "Camptown Races," "My Old Kentucky Home," and "Oh! Susannah."
Foster, Stephen.
Too easy.
1819-68, French physicist famous for his invention of the Gyroscope (1852) and the namesake pendulum that demonstrated the rotation of the earth.
Foucault, Jean.
"His pendulum and gyroscope went in FOUR directions," CALT Bob.
1624-91, English religious leader who founded the Society of Friends (Quakers).
Fox, George.
I always knew the Quakers were FOXy.
1844-1924, (pseudonym of Jacques Anatole Francois Thibault) French author. Elected to the French Academy (1896) and won the Nobel Prize for Literature (1921).
France, Anatole.
Well, he was ~FRENCH.
1708-65, Holy Roman emperor (1745-65). In 17O6, he married Maria Theresa, heiress to the Hapsburg lands. He became emperor after the War of Austrian Succession, but had little real power.
Francis I.
FRANCIS, I am the emperor over the Holy Roman Empire.
1768-18O5, Holy Roman emperor (1792-1806). The last Holy Roman emperor. After Napoleon dissolved the Holy Roman Empire, Francis 11 took the title of Francis 1, the first emperor of Austria (1804-O5).
Francis II.
After FRANCIS the first...
186O-1914, archduke of Austria and nephew and heir apparent of Francis Joseph. He and his wife were assassinated by Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28, 1914. The ensuing Austrian ultimatum to Serbia precipitated WWI.
Francis Ferdinand.
This FRANCIS was assasinated.
1892-1975, Spanish general and dictator (19O9-75). He assumed leadership of Spain in 19O9 with the help of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. Despite his association with Germany and Italy, Spain remained neutral during WWII.
Franco, Francisco.
OK; it's FRANCISCO FRANCO, and he's Spanish, not French.
1706-90, US inventor, statesman, and diplomat. As a young man he worked in Philadelphia as a printer and published the Poor Richard's Almanac (17O2-57). He is credited with a number of inventions including the lightning rod and the ___ stove. He served as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress where he helped draft the Declaration of Independence and organized a postal system, serving as the postmaster general (1775). Later sent to France (1776-85) he helped bring the French into the American Revolution on the colonists' side, and eventually was a signer of the Treaty of Paris (178O) that ended the Revolution.
Franklin, Benjamin.
Too easy.
1712-86, king of Prussia (1740-86). The son and successor of Frederick William I. His exploits in the War of Austrian Succession and the Seven Years War made Prussia the foremost military power in Europe. He was succeeded by his nephew Frederick William II.
Frederick II.
He made Prussia the foremost European military power, despite the fact he was the second.
1688-1740 ruled from 171O-40 and was succeeded by his son Frederick II (or Frederick the great).
Frederick William I.
Frederick William I.
1744-97, who ruled from 1786-97, was the nephew and successor of Frederick II.
Frederick William II.
Frederick William II.
Son of Frederick William II. 1770-1840, ruled from 1797-1840 and is best known for accepting the Treaty of Tilsit (1807), effectively making Prussia a French vassal.
Frederick William III.
Frederick William III.
1795-1861, was the son and successor for Frederick William III and ruled from 1840-61. In 1857 his mental instability necessitated the regency of his brother and successor, William I.
Frederick William IV.
Frederick William IV.
181O-90, American explorer and politician. Called the "Pathfinder," his exploration of the West in the early 1840s sparked great interest in the area. He was a leader in the 1846 revolt of California against Mexico, and later served California as US Senator (1850-1). He was the unsuccessful Republican candidate for President in 1856.
Fremont, John Charles.
His title, "The Pathfinder" entitled him to a FREE MOUNTain.
1856-19O9, Austrian psychiatrist. He developed many new techniques including psychoanalysis, free association, and dream interpretation (summarized in the 1900 work Interpretation of Dreams). He stressed the importance of sexuality in both normal and abnormal development, and the importance of childhood relationships to one's parents. Controversial in his time, his ideas were not well received initially. Put forth the Id, Ego, and Superego.
Freud, Sigmund.
Too easy.
1921-, American feminist leader. Through her best selling book, The Feminine Mystique (196O), she prompted women to examine their roles in society. She was the founder and first president (1966-70) of NOW (National Organization for Women).
Friedan, Betty.
She wanted women to be FREED AN' stuff.
1874-196O, US poet. He received the Pulitzer Prize in poetry four times (1924, 19O1, 19O7, and 194O). He is also known for reciting his poem "The Gift Outright" at the inauguration of President Kennedy. Among his more famous poems are "Birches", "The Road Not Taken", "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening", and "Mending Wall."
Frost, Robert.
Too easy.
1895-198O, American architect best known for his development of the geodesic dome.
Fuller R(ichard) Buckminster.
His geodesic domes caused FULLER stands at games.
1765-1815, US inventor. His greatest achievement was the steamboat Clermont, launched in 1807. The voyage of the Clermont from NY City to Albany pioneered the used of the steamboat as a passenger vehicle.
Fulton, Robert.
The steamboat weighed a FULL TON!
19O4-68, Russian cosmonaut. He became the first man to orbit the earth when his Vostok ("East") spacecraft orbited the earth on April 12, 1961.
Gagarin, Yuri.
Too easy.
1721-87, English general. His soldiers fought the American patriots at Lexington (1775) in the battle that began the American Revolution.
Gage, Thomas.
He enGAGED the first battle
1727-88, English painter best known for The Blue Boy.
Gainsborough, Thomas.
For his Blue Boy, he GAINED a wheelBARROW.
1908-, US economist. His works include The Affluent Society (1958) and The New Industrial State (1967).
Galbraith, John Kenneth.
1O0-200, Greek physician. He made numerous anatomical and physiological discoveries including kidney secretion, respiration, and nervous system function. His work and writings helped lay the foundation for the study of medicine. William Harvey's 17th century discovery of the circulation of the blood was one of the first major steps away from (his) medicine.