Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/82

Click to flip

82 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
What is a Bovine?
Cattle
A Mature Male called?
A Bull
What is a Mature Female called?
A Cow
What is a Newborn called?
Calf
What is a Young Male Called?
A Bull
What is a young female that has not given birth called?
Hefier
What is a casterated male called?
A Stier
What is the Normal contraction rate of the rumen?
2-3 times per minute
What type of restraint is this?
Holding the tail at a 90 degree angle towards the body & bouncing a little?
Tail jack
Type of Restraint:
Tying or securing the head to an immovable object w/a rope.
Halter
Type of Restraint:
blunt, pinching pressure applied to the nasal septum
Nose Tongs
Type of Restraint:
to hold one animal at a time with a mechanical means of entrapment
Chute or Stock
Type of Restraint:
"Chains" and "Metal Bands" placed over the calcaneal tendons
Hobbles
Type of Restraint:
Forcing the animal to the ground - usually with a rope
Casting
What is the housing situation for Beef?
Usually kept in the pasture
Minimally Handled
What is the housing situation for Dairy cattle?
Part in the barn/Part in the pasture
Beef Reproduction:
1) How done?
2) When are calves born?
3) How long do calves stay with their mom?
1) Natural breeding
2) Spring
3) until weaned
Dairy Cattle Reproduction:
1) How done?
2) When are calves born?
3) How long do calves stay with mom?
1) Usually AI
2) Year Round
3) Nurse for 2-3 days - then receive milk replacer
3) How long do they nurse for? What happens after that time frame?
Zoonotic or not?
Shipping Fever
No
Zoonotic or not?
Milk Fever
(Hypocalcaemia)
No
Zoonotic or not?
Anthrax
Yes
Zoonotic or not?
Johne's Disease
No
Zoonotic or not?
Infectious Bovine Keratoconjuncivitis
(Pinkeye)
No
Zoonotic or not?
Tuberculosis
Yes
Zoonotic or not?
Foot and Mouth Dz
No
Zoonotic or not?
Hardware Dz
(Traumatic reticulitis)
No
Zoonotic or not?
Lumpy Jaw
No
What is hardware Dz?
Sharp metal objects w/in the reticulum.
Usually nails/Barbwire
Can puncture cranial wall of reticulum into chest & pericardium
How can you help prevent Hardware Dz?
Magnet inside Rumen/Reticulum
Grazing area free of metal objects
Check loose wire & nails on fences
Zoonotic or not?
Wooden Tongue
No
Zoonotic or not?
Leptrospirosis
Yes
Zoonotic or Not?
Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis
(IBR)
No
Zoonotic or not?
Bovine Viral Diarrhea
(BVD)
No
Zoonotic or not?
Laminitis
No
Zoonotic or not?
Brucellosis
Yes
Holstein
Name
Largest of Dairy Cows
Produce most milk per animal
Dairy
Jersey
Dairy or Beef?
Name
Smallest
Solid fawn color w/black mussel
Milk = Highest fat content
Dairy
Guernsey
Dairy or Beef?
Name
Yellow & White Spotted
Slightly smaller than Holstein
Dairy
Brown Swiss
Dairy or Beef?
Name
Solid tan or light gray
Slightly smaller than Holstein
Dairy
Ayreshire
Dairy or Beef?
Name
Mahogany and white spotted
Dairy
Milking Shorthorn
Dairy or Beef?
Name
Red Rhone and white spotted
Dairy
Dutch Belted
Dairy or Beef?
Name
Black with white belt around stomach area
Beef
Angus
Dairy or Beef?
Name
Shinny & Black
AKA Doddies
Very Stalky
Very Smooth Haircoat
Polled
Beef
Brahman
Dairy or Beef?
Name
Grey w/dark face
Lose skin on dulap
Large Hump at the withers
known to be heat resistant
Beef
Beef Master
Dairy or Beef?
Name
Cross between Brahman/Shorthorn/Hereford
Solid red in color
Horned
Beef
Brangus
Dairy or Beef?
Name
Cross between Brahman & Angus
Black Smooth Coat
Loose hide (Seen in neck)
Ears longer than most breeds
Beef
Charolais
Dairy or Beef?
Name
White w/pink skin
Mussel is pink & hooves white
Polled or horned (rancher choice)
Very Large
Beef
Charolais
Dairy or Beef?
Name
White w/pink skin
Mussel is pink & hooves white
Polled or horned (rancher choice)
Very Large
Beef
Limousin
Dairy or Beef?
Name
Red or Black
Body Very Long
Polled (Generally)
Beef
Hereford
Dairy or Beef?
Name
Red
Thick wavy fure
Brisket, belly, face, switch are white
Beef
Hereford
Dairy or Beef?
Name
Red
Thick wavy fure
Brisket, belly, face, switch are white
Beef
Texas Longhorn
Dairy or Beef
Name
Large Horns
Many colors
Very hardy & resiliant breed
Normal Temperature
101.4 - 102.8
Normal Pulse
60 - 70 bpm
Normal Respirations
10 - 30 rpm
What is the goal of Bovine reproduction?
Breed at 1 year of age
First calf by 2
Have 1 calf every year
What is the Bovine Cycle?
Polyestrus
What is the length of Bovine estrus?
21 days
What are the four stages of estrus?
Proestrus
Estrus
Metestrus
Diestrus
What is proestrus?
Folical is forming on ovary
What is estrus?
"Heat"
Female will accept male
Folical ruptures - releasing egg.
What is metestrus?
Corpus luteum is forming
What is Diestrus?
corpus luteum is mature
uterus & cervix is flacid
Hard to palapate
What are the signs of standing heat?
1) Allows female cows to mount
2) Long string of mucus hanging from vulva
3) swollen vulva
4) bellowing
5) frequent urination
there are 5 total
What are the forms of breeding?
AI
Natural
there are 2
Disadvantage of natural breeding
Need to handle the bull
Less genetic selection
Advantage of natural breeding?
Less management time is needed
Advantage of AI?
More genetic selection
Able to control VD
No "dumb bull" to handle
Disadvantages of AI?
Must be able to detect "heat"
Only trained personnel can perform AI
Causes of Dystocia
Malposition
calf is too big
mild fever
there are 3
what is dystocia?
difficulty giving birth
What is milk fever
hypocalcemia
What is creep feed?
Mixture of molasses & grain
Used to help ween calf from mother
What are the four compartments of the rumen?
Reticulum
Rumen
Abomasum
Omasum
What does the reticulum do?
food first passed here
contents constantly mixed w/contents from Rumen
"Cross Road"
What does the Rumen do?
"Fermentation vessel"
Febre particles can remain here for 20-48 hrs.
What does the Omasum do?
the "Third" Stomach
Holds about 10 liters
Great absorbtion level
What does the Abomasum do?
The "Forth" Stomach
Secrets strong acid & many digestive enzymes
What is the CMT test?
California mastitis Test
What does the CMT test do?
Checks fro presence of PMN's in milk
Used to identify mastitis
What are the ways to give bovines oral meds?
Balling gun
Dosing syringe
stomach tube
Esophageal feeders
Complete Diagram of cow
How did you do?