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67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Change Applied Stresses
(offensive)
Move Stressor, Move or Shield Stressed system
Change breach size
(offensive)
Chill contents
Limit levels
Activate venting devices
Mechanical repair
Change Quantity Release
(offensive)
Change container position
Minimize pressure differential
Cap off breach
Remove contents
Change Size of danger zone (Engulf)(defensive)
Barriers (dikes & dams)
Adsorbents
Absorbents
Diluents
Reactants
Overpack
Change Exposures Contacted
(defensive)
Provide sheltering
Begin evacuation
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
Change severity of harm
(defensive)
Rinse off contaminant
Increase distance from source
Provide shielding
Provide prompt medical attention
Concentration
The amount of acid or base as compared to the amount of water present
Critical temperature
Minimum temperature at which a gas can be liquefied.
Critical Pressure
The pressure that must be applied to bring a gas to its liquid state.
Expansion ratio
The amount of gas produced by a given volume of liquid.
Endothermic
Heat absorbing.
Exothermic
Heat producing.
Ph scale
0-14 with 0-2 Highly acidic (acid) 12-14 Highly caustic (base) and 7 as neutral.
Boiling point
Temperature at which a liquid transitions into a gas
Lower explosive limit (LEL)
Too Lean
Upper explosive limit (UEL)
Too Rich
Flash point
Ignitable mixture with air and will NOT continue to burn
Ignition Temperature
Minimum temperature material must be before it will ignite
Irritants (riot control agents)
Cause respiratory distress
Melting point
Temp when a solid becomes a liquid
Freezing Point
Temp when a liquid becomes a solid
Miscibility
When 2 or more liquids form a uniform blend
Organic
Living or were once living
Nerve Agents
Effect the central neverous system
Inorganic
Man made
Physical states
Solid, liquid, gas
Polymerization
Chemical reaction which small molecules combine to form larger molecules (sometimes violently)
Polar
Mixes with water
Saturated Hydrocarbons
Carbon atoms linked only by covalent bonds
Solution
Mixture in which all ingredients are completely dissolved. (Koolaid)
Slurry
Pourable mixture of solid and a liquid. (sand and water)
Sublimation
Solid to the vapor phase
Vapor density
Weight of vapor compared to air. (air is 1.0)
Vapor pressure
Vapor in the space above the liquid in a container.
Lethal dose (LDL 50)
50% death. Route other than inhalation
Lethal Concentration (LC 50)
50% death. (Inhalation route)
Permissible exposure limits (PEL)
95% of healthy adults (only one with 95 in it.) 8 hours a day 40 hours a week
Thershold Limit Values time weighted average (TLV-TWA)
8 hours a day 40 hours a week
(No 95 in this one!)
Actitivity
Amount of radiation coming off the package
Half-life
Rate of radioactive decay
Methods of protecting oneself from harmful radiation.
Time, Distance, and shielding
Rachael
Came
Over &
Pulled
Her
Coat
Off
Radioactivity
Combustibility
Oxygen (availability)
Ph
Hydrogen Sulfide
Carbon Monoxide
Organic Vapors
Corrosivity, pH
pH monitor, M9/M8 paper
Flammability
Combustability gas meter
Oxidation potential
O2 sensor
Radioactivity
Radiation detector
To detect toxic levels
PID/FID
Carbon monoxide meters
(pros/cons)
Detects CO
but nothing else
Colormetric tubes
(pros/cons)
Positive Identification
but
Product specific
and has shelf life
Combustible gas indicator
(pros/cons)
Tells you the % of LEL
but
Not what type of gas
Passive dosimeters
Product specific
but
Must be sent off to a lab
Photionization detectors
Needs no air
Tells you something is there
But
Won't tell you what it is.
pH meters
Can tell if acid or base
but
can have false reading if sample is contaminated.
Radiation detection equipment
Tells you if radiation is present.
but
Will not tell you what the material is.
Radiation levels
I
II
III
I = low level
II = Medium level
III = High level
Radiation lable tells you?
Contents
Activity
Transport Index (NRC=10)(DOE=50)
Describe the heat transfer processes that occurs as a result of a cryogenic liquid spill.
Rapid Vaporization
High expansion ratios
(560-1445 : 1)
Identify 2 methods for determining the pressure in a bulk container.
1) Pressure gauges
2) Temp in the container
Methods for determining the amount of product remaining in a container
Gauge
Frost or dew line
Shipping papers & tank spec plate
How do liquid pipelines carry different products?
PIG
Information on pipeline warning sign
Owner
Product
Emergency contact info
Types of damage that a pressure container can incur.
Undamaged, no product release
Damaged, no product release
Undamaged, product release
Damaged, product release
3 resources available that indicate the effects of mixing various hazardous materials
491M
Bretherick
Lewis
Determin the area of evacuation
1) < 10% LEL continue to work
2) >10 <25% work and monitor
3) >25% Evacuate
Gouges
Made by a sharp, chisel-like object
Dent
Impact with a blunt object
Scores
Made by a blunt object