Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name 2 of the historical books of the Bible.
1st & 2nd Samuel, 1st & 2nd Kings, 1st & 2nd Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Tobit, Judith, Esther, 1st & 2nd Maccabees,
Name 3 characteristics of the E tradition.
1. avoidance of representing God through anthropomorphism
2. stresses fear or awe of the Lord
3. God being utterly different from man & removed from him
4. very intersted in moral questions
5. rooted in prophetic tradition instead of kings & priest
Tell the time frame and influence of what kingdoms comprised the D source.
7th century B.C. near 721 B.C. with the conquest of Israel by the Assyrians and primarily northern kingdom influence w/ some southern influence
What did Julius Welhausen do?
published a documentary theory or hypothesis that identified 4 written sources that were put together to form the Pentateuch
Name 3 characteristics of the D source.
1. emotional writing style
2. numerous repetitions
3. Lord is sole God of Israel & has chosen a people for himself
4. God has given the people a land but on condition that they remain faithful to him
5. above all in the liturgy that the people remember & understand the word of God
Name the 5 books of the Pentateuch.
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus,
Numbers, Deuteronomy
Define the Bible.
a partial record of a religous interpretation of the real history of Israel
Name the 4 written sources that were put together to form the Pentateuch according to Julius Welhausen.
Yahiast or J tradition
Elohist or E tradition
Priestly or P tradition
Deuteronomy of D tradition
Name 3 characteristics of the J tradition.
1. Marvelous story teller w/ vivid imagery
2. God often represented as a man(anthropomorphism)
3. stresses blessings of God's people
4. man lives on familar terms w/ God and meets him in everyday life
5. a God ready to forgive & renew his blessings
What time frame and tribes put together J tradition?
10 century B.C. during the reign of Solomon and it was from the perspective on the Southern or Judah/Benjamin tribes
Name 2 books that are considered wisdom literature.
Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Wisdom, Sirach
How & when did the traditions fuse?
721 B.C. J & E fuse when E went to south after north defeated
539 B.C. P fused into J & E after Babylonian Exile
D document appended to the end of others
Name 2 prophetic books of the Bible.
Isaiah, Jeremiah,Lamentations, Baruch, Daniel, Ezekiel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Why was the D source developed?
It was developed to address bad practices and clarify primitive ideas in the J tradion and stressed need for obedience and faithfulness to the covenant.
Tell the time frame and from what tribe's perspective was the E tradition put together.
9th century B.C. after the split of the Kingdoms (921 B.C.) from the standpoint of the North Kingdom
What time frame and who developed the P source?
6th century B.C. around 597-587 during Babylonian Exile and deportation & developed by priests
How many chapters in the Pentateuch & how many from each tradition?
187 -Pentateuch
34-D trad.
65-J & E trad.
87- P trad. bec. the priests put it together
Name 3 characteristics of the P tradition.
1. dry style w/ figures, geneology, & lists
2. God's plans & events may be repeated twice
3. priesthood is an essential institution
4. laws are put into a narrative context & attached to historical events which give them significance
5. worship has a place of pride