Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
He originally comes from thebes, but becomes the national and dynastic god from the Middle Kingdom on. His main place of worship is in Thebes where he is venerated with the goddess Mut and the god son Khons
This funerary god, depicted as a jackal or as a jackal-headed man, is supposed to be the inventor of mummification and, therefore, makes sure the enbalming ceremonies are properly conducted. He is the protector of the necropolis.
She is the infant godess of the Elephantine triad. With the god Khnum and the godess Satis, she is the guardian of the sources of the Nile and patroness of the cataract.
The sacred bull from Memphis is considered to be the representative of Ptah on Earth. He is sometimes associated with Osiris and Ra; in this case, he adopts funerary and solar characteristics. The sacred bulls are buried in particular necropolis called Serapeum.
Solar god par excellence, given the rank of dynastic divinity by Akhenaten.
This cat godess, worshipped in the Delta at Bubastis, is the incarnation of the peaceful aspects of the dangerous goddesses.
He represents the inundation and the flood of the Nile, which guarantee the fertility of cultivated fields. As a symbol of plenty, Hapy is depicted as an androgynous deity, sometimes female and sometimes male, with hanging breasts.
"Horus on the Horizon" is a solar deity represented by the Sphinx of Giza
"Horus the Great" is the falcon god from Kom Ombo, who fights against the enemies of Ra. In certain traditions, he is related to the cosmogony of Heliopolis, where he is "Horus the Elder," one of the five children of Geb and Nut.
She is one of the most popular godesses of the Egyptian pantheon. She is godess of beauty, love and joy, patroness of the Theban necropolis, celestial deity, mistress of the following lands, and nurse of the royal child.
This godess with a frog's head, is associated, in Antinoe, with the potter and creative god, Khnum.
He is the son of Isis and Osiris, who inherits from his grandfather, the god Geb, the kingdom of Earth. Horus is the main dynastic god, and the pharoahs are under his direct protection. He is also a solar and a celestial god; as such, he is associated with the goddess Hathor who is his wife.
She is wife and sister of Osiris, mother of Horus, and she has a very strong personality that confers many roles on her; protector of women and children, great magician, protector of the mummy of the deceased, universal goddess…
This god with a ram's head has several places of worship; in Elephantine as the god of the caterect and the guardian of the sources of the Nile, in triad with Satis and Anukis; in Esna, he is the creative god. It is told that, on his potter's wheel, he has fashioned gods, nature, men and objects.
He is in direct relation with the moon. In the 18th Dynasty, he is associated with the god Amun and the goddess Mut as the son god of the Theban triad.
He is the god of fertility associated, in this role, with Amun, the god of the Kingdom. He is worshipped in Koptos and Akhmim as protector of the caravans and patron of the oriental desert tracks.
He is a falcon god from Thebes, who incarnates the irresistable force of war.
In Thebes, this vulture goddess is the divine consort of Amun and the mother of the god Khons. She sometimes adopted the features of the lion goddesses as Sakhmet.
She has several functions: she is the warrior goddess of the town of Sais and demiurge of the town of Esna. In the underground world, she protects the canopic jars of the deceased with Isis, Nephthys and Serket.
She is the vulture goddess of el-Kab, patroness of Upper Egypt.
She belongs to the gods of the Heliopolitan Ennead, with Osiris, Isis, Horus the Elder and Seth. Her role is essentially funerary, as she watches over the body of the deceased.
He is the primeval ocean that precedes creation in the cosmogonies and represents nothingness: "before the existence of the sky, before the existence of the earth, before the existence of men, before the existence of death" was Nun.
She is the representation of the celestial vault. In the Heliopolitan cosmology, she forms with Geb, the Earth, the second divine couple. The day and night journey of the sun are made on her body, which is the symbol of the space through which the Sun travels.
He is the god of the dead in the Egyptian pantheon, who also represents, because of his resurection, the yearly revival of vegetation. Everyone tries to identify himself with Osiris in the afterworld, and to enter his kingdom, since he is the only one who can give hope of eternal life.
At the beginning, he is patron of goldsmiths, sculptors and craftsment; he is considered as the inventor of technical skills. Afterwards, he becomes the creative god of Memphis in the triad where he is the husband of Sakhmet and the father of Nefertem. In time he merges with Sokar and Osiris to form Ptah-Sokar-Osiris, and with Tanen to form Ptah-Tanen.
He is pre-eminently the solar god, the most important deity of the Egyptian pantheon. His main place of worship is Heliopolis, but he is venerated throughout Egypt under many names: Ra-Harakhty, Amun-Ra, Ra-Atum, Sobek-Ra…
She is the power of destruction, incarnating the solar eye and dangerous forces. She is depicted as a goddess with the head of a lioness. She belongs to theMemphite triad, wife of Ptah and mother of Nefertem. In Thebes, she is assimilated with the goddess Mut as a healing goddess.
The pharoahs of the Greek period created this god in Alexandria to help the interests of the new political regime. He is the protector of the ptolemaic dynasty and of the town of Alexandria. He also has asrarian and funerary functions, and was the healing god of the kingdom.
She is both guardian of the sources of the Nile and patroness of the cateract, associated with Khnum and Anukis
This god with the head of a mythical animal has many facets, some positive and some negative. He is at the same time protector of the sun boat, and the murderer of Osiris.
The Crocodile god has several places of worship, the most famous ones being in the region of Fayum and in Kom Ombo. In certain cases he is most often a protector of men against wild beasts and hostile forces that live in the marshes and the waters of the Nile.
She has no particular place of worship, but is venerated in all Egyptian households as goddess protector of pregnant women and children.
He is sometimes depicted as an ibis and sometimes as a baboon. He has many functions and many powers; he is the moon god, the inventor of science and writing, the protector of scribes, the master of knowledge, the divine messenger and bookeeper. In the afterworld, he is reponsible for the proper weighing of hearts, and he writes down the verdict on the sacred scriptures
She is the cobra goddess of Buto, patroness of Lower Egypt