Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/31

Click to flip

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
agragarian reform
where peaseants demanded land redistribution
Altiplano
the treeless high plain of Peru and Bolivia
altitudinal zonation
the relationship between cooler temperatures at higher elevations and changes in vegetation
Central American Free Trade Agreement
newly formed group for free trade in central america
Columbian Exchange
an immense biological swap during the contact period between the old world and the new world
dependency theory
theory that says that expansion of European capitalism created the region's underdevelopment
dollarization
a process by which a country adopts--in whole or in part--the US dollar as its official currency
El Nino
every decade or so, an abnormally large current arrives that produces torrential rains, signaling the arrival of this year
environmental lapse rate
declining temperatures as you increase elevation
Free Trade Area of the Americas
hemispheric trade for North, Central, and South America
grassification
conversion of tropical forest into pasture
informal sector
the economic sector that relies on self-employed, low-wage jobs that are virtually unregulated and untaxed
latifundia
the entrenched practice of maintaining large estates is referred
machismo
cultural traits often ascribed to men
maquiladora
Mexican assembly plants that line the border with the US
marianismo
cultural traits often ascribed to women
megacity
a very large city with a population of more than 10 million
Mercosur
the Southern Cone Common Market which includes Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, and Paraguay as full members and Bolivia and Chile as associate members and NAFTA
mestizo
those people of mixed European and Indian ancestry
minifundia
when peasants farm small plots for their subsistence
neoliberal policies
stresses privitization, export production, direct foreign investment, and few restrictions on imports
Organization of American States
where a more neutral Pan-American vision of American relations and hemisperic cooperation has held sway
remittances
monies sent back home
rural-to-urban migration
when peasants pour into the cities of Latin America
shields
humid lowlands interspersed with upland plateaus
subnational organizations
groups that represent areas or people within the state
supranational organizations
governing bodies that include several states
syncretic religions
blends of different belief systems
transnationalism
the ability to straddle livelihoods between two countries
Treaty of Tordesillas
when the Pope split up the Atlantic world in half
urban primacy
a condition in which a country has a primate city three to four times larger than any other city in the country