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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
also known as the gastrointestinal system
digestive system
long muscular tube that begins at the mouth
alimentary canal
recieves food as it enters the body
mouth
special structures in the mouth that physically break down food by chewing
teeth
muscular organ that contain special receptors called taste buds
tongue
the bony structure that form the roof of the mouth
hard palate
behind the hard palate
soft palate
three pairs, parotid, sublingual, and submandibular, that produce a fluid called salvia
salivary glands
throat
pharynx
muscular tube behind the trachea
esophagus
enlarged part of the alimentary canal
stomach
coiled section of the alimentary canal
small intestine
first nine to ten inches of the small intestine
duodenum
first nine to ten inches of the small intestine
duodenum
eight feet in length and is in the middle part of the small intestine
jejunum
final twelve feet of the small intestine
ileum
finger like projections in the lining of the small intestine
villi
final section of the alimentary canal
large intestine
contains small projection
veriform appendix
has several division
colon
final six to eight inches of the large intestine
rectum
has a narrow canal, called the anal canal, which opens at a small hole
anus
has a narrow canal, called the anal canal, which opens at a small hole
anus
largest gland in the body and is an accessory organ to the digestive system
liver
small muscular sac located under the liver
gallbladder
glandular organ located behind the stomach
pancreas