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43 Cards in this Set

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Surgical stitches used to join the edges of an incision or a wound.
sutures
The patient lies flat on the back, face upward; also known as the horizontal recumbent position. This position is used for the examination or treatment of the front, or anterior, part of the body.
supine position
An instrument that has two prongs and is used to test hearing acuity.
tuning fork
A wooden or plastic blade used to scrape cells from the cervix of the uterus; used for Pap tests.
Ayer blade
A set of instruments, including suture scissors and thumb forceps, that are used to remove stitches (sutures).
suture removal sets
Special scissors with a blunt lower end used to removed dressings and bandages.
bandage scissors
An instrument used to measure intraocular pressure. (Intraocular means within the eye.)
tonometer
A graphic tracing of the electrical activity of the heart.
electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
Special scissors used to cut tissue.
surgical scissors
The patient lies on the back with the head lower than the feet or with both the head and feet inclined downward. This position is used to increase circulation of blood to the head and brain.
Trendelenburg position
Special charts that use letters or symbols in calibrated heights to check for vision defects.
Snellen charts
The patient lies on the back with the knees flexed and separated. This position is used for vaginal and pelvic examinations.
dorsal recumbent position
The process of listening for sounds in the body. A stethoscope is commonly used for this purpose.
auscultation
An instrument used to dilate, or enlarge, an opening or passage in the body for examination purposes.
speculum
An instrument with one or more fine points (teeth) at the tips of blades; used to grasp tissue.
tissue forceps
A lighted instrument used to examine the eye.
ophthalmoscope
The patient lies on the back with the head elevated at one of several different angles. This position is used to facilitate breathing; relieve distress; encourage drainage; and examine the head, neck, and chest.
Fowler's position
The patient rests his or her body weight on the knees and chest. This position is used for sigmoidoscopic and rectal examinations.
knee-chest position
An instrument with a mirror that is used to examine the larynx.
laryngeal mirror
The patient lies on his or her left side with the right leg bent up near the abdomen; also known as the Sims' position. This position is used for simple rectal and sigmoidoscopic examinations, enemas, rectal temperatures, and rectal treatments.
left lateral position
Farsightedness; defect in near vision
hyperopia
An instrument used to hold or support a needle while sutures (stitches) are being inserted.
needle holder
Nearsightedness; defect in distant vision
myopia
To look at, watch, perceive, or notice.
observation
The patient lies on the abdomen with both the head and legs inclined downward and the rectal area elevated; also known as the proctology position. This position is used mainly for rectal surgery and examinations, as well as back surgery and treatment.
jackknife position
The patient lies on the back with the feet in stirrups and the knees flexed and separated. This position is used for vaginal examinations, Pap tests, urinary catheterization, cystoscopic examination, and surgery of the pelvic area.
lithotomy position
The patient lies flat on the back, face upward; also known as the supine position. This position is used for the examination or treatment of the front, or anterior, part of the body.
horizontal recumbent position
A drug used to treat a disease or condition.
medication
Special electrodes and wires that transmit the electrical activity of the heart from different angles during an electrocardiogram (ECG).
leads
An instrument used to compress (clamp) blood vessels to stop bleeding.
hemostat
The process of tapping various body parts during an examination.
percussion
A lighted instrument used to examine the ear.
otoscope
A test used to classify abnormal cells obtained from the vagina or cervix; also known as a Pap test.
Papanicolaou test
A reference book that contains essential information on medications.
Physicians' Desk Reference (PDR)
An instrument with a knife blade that is used to incise (cut) skin and tissue.
scalpel
The act of using the hands to feel body parts during an examination.
palpation
An instrument used to examine the sigmoid, or S-shaped, section of the large intestine
sigmoidoscope
An instrument that is used to check reflexes.
percussion hammer
The medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the rectum, anus, and surrounding tissues.
proctology
The patient lies on the abdomen with the legs together and the face turned to the side. This position is used for the examination or treatment of the back or spine.
prone position
The patient lies on his or her left side with the right leg bent up near the abdomen; also known as the left lateral position. This position is used for simple rectal and sigmoidoscopic examinations, enemas, rectal temperatures, and rectal treatments.
Sims' position
Instruments used to hold or draw back the lips or sides of a wound or incision.
retractors
The patient lies on the abdomen with both the head and legs inclined downward and the rectal area elevated; also known as the jackknife position. This position is used mainly for rectal surgery and examinations, as well as back surgery and treatment.
proctology position