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26 Cards in this Set

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chlorothiazide (Diuril)
Thiazide Diuretic
hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDiuril)
Thiazide Diuretic
chlorthalidone (Hygroton)
Thiazide-Like
metolazone (Zaroxylyn)
Thiazide-Like
furosemide (Lasix)
Loop Diuretic
bumetanide (Bumex)
Loop Diuretic
mannitol (Osmitrol)
Osmotic Diuretics
acetazolamide (Diamox)
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
spironolactone (Aldactone)
Potassium Sparing Diuretic
amiloride (Midamor)
Potassium Sparing Diuretic
triamterene (Dyrenium)
Potassium Sparing Diuretic
amiloride + hydrochlorothiazide (Moderetic)
Combination
spironolactone + hydrochlorothiazide (Aldactozide)
Combination
triamterene + hydrochlorothiazide (Diazide, Maxide)
Combination
5 functions of Kidney
Maintains PH of blood
Excretes wastes
Regulates electrolyte balance
Regulates fluid balance
Releases erythropoietin
Most powerful diuretic:
a) Loop diuretics
b) Thiazide diuretics
c) Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
c) Carbonic anhydrase -- work in proximal tube
3 processes that regulate formation of urine
Glomerular filtration (blood plasma filtered); tubular reabsorption (returns most products filtered back to blood); tubular secretion (puts waste into filtrate to be excreted
3 hormones affecting renal function
ADH
Aldosterone
Atrial natriuretic hormone
4 conditions affecting renal function:
CHF
hypertension
renal failure
shock
Most commonly prescribed diuretics @ home:
Thiazide & Thiazide-like
Where do Thiazides work?
Distal tubule
Which diuretics dilate blood vessels?
Thiazides
which diuretics retain calcium?
Thiazides
Which diuretics are related to sulfonomides?
Loop diuretics (watch for allergies!)
IV rapid push or high doses of which class of diuretics causes deafness?
Loop diuretics
Which is better for diabetics, Loop or Thiazide?
Loop