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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Abdominal Sympathetic Trunk
Lateral to Abdominal Aorta, Medial to Psosas Major, lines the vertebral bodies.
Celiac Ganglion
Located above the celiac trunk.
celiac plexus
efferent fibers of celiac ganglion (post-ganglionic fibers).
central tendon of the diaphragm
aponeuosis of posterior abdominal wall muscles (including diaphragm) that converge at the posterior surface of the diaphragm.
cortex of the kidney
the perforated outer surface of the kidney. The perforations represent the corpuscles.
Crura of the diaphragm (left and right crus of diaphragm)
Medial portions of the diaphragm muscle through which the abdomdinal aorta and thoracic duct emerge. Their tendons seem to emerge from the anterior longitudinal ligament of the vertebral bodies.
greater thoracic splanchnic nerve
Sympathetic fibers originating from T5-T9 of the sympathetic trunk. They emerge superior and lateral to the celiac trunk through the crura of the diaphragm. They synapse with the pre-vertebral celiac ganglion.
Hiatuses in diaphragm for the inferior vena cava, esophogus
and aorta.
Venal hiatus is in the right portion of the diaphragm central tendon. esophagus hiatus defines the superior portion of the diaphragm cura and the aortic hiatus emerges at the inferior portion of the crura.
inferior phrenic artery
Branches superior to the celiac trunk.
Lumbar arteries
Arteries that branch laterally from the aorta. These would be intercostal arteries but since there are no ribs, they are lumbar arteries.
Lumbar splanchnic nerves
unable to find
major calyces
Part of the collecting system of the kidney once the urine has been produced. They form from the joining of the minor calyces that are at the tips of the renal pyramids.
Medulla of Kidney
Deep the denser interior region of the kidney. The other and inner medulla compose the renal pyramids.
Minor Calyces
Initial connection to the tips of the renal pyramids of the medulla.
Ovarian Arteries
Lateral and inferior to the superor mesenteric artery but superior to the inferior mesenteric artery.
psoas major muscle
Interior most muscle that flank the lumbar vertebral column. Ligaments appear to be attached to the lateral sides of the vertebral bodies.
psoas minor muscle
sits anteriorly on the psoas major muscle. Has a tendon that extends inferiorly to the end of the posterior endge pecten pubis (where the pectineal ligament runs)
quadratus lumborum muscle
lateral to the psoas major muscle on the posterior abdominal wall.
renal artery and its segmented branches
renal arteries and veins branch directly from the abdominal aorta at the level of the superior mesenteric artery.

The renal artery branches to a superior anterior and inferior branch. The anterior branch bifurcates into a superior and inferior branch. These branches then become interlobar arteries, then arcuate arteries, and finally interlobular arteries. arcuate (structure have a bow or curved like outline).
Renal papilla
The tip of the renal pyramid that interfaces with the minor calyx. (calyx is a cup shaped organ or cavity).
Renal Pelvis
The final and largest part of the collecting system of the kidney before the urine enters the ureter for excretion. The major calices flow into the renal pelvis.
Renal Pyramids
These are the substructures of the medulla that contain the ascending and descending thick and thin limbs of the nephron as well as the collecting duct and loops of henle.
Renal Sinus
Sinus posterior to the renal pelvis and major calices. Usually filled with fat.
Renal Vein
Branches off the inferior vena cava. The left renal vein is longer than the right because the inferior vena cava is to the right of the aorta.
Suprarenal arteries (superior, middle, and inferior).
Suior and middle branches come directly from the abdominal aorta. The superior branches as soon as the abdominal aorta emerges from its hiatus and the middle branches at the level of the celiac trunk. The inferior artery branches from the renal artery at a proximal location.
Suprarenal vein
The renal vein branches supriorly into the phrenic vein and suprarenal vein. The suprarenal vein terminates at the suprarenal gland (adrenal).
Testicualar/Ovarian Artery and Vein
The left vein branches inferiorly from the renal vein while the right vein branches from the IVC inferior to the renal vein.

The right and left artery branch lateral and inferior to the superior mesenteric artery with the right artery more inferior.
The The renal pelvis flows into the ureter which extends inferiorly to the bladder.
Vagus nerves along the lesser curvature of the stomach
Follows both the anterior and posterior sides of the lesser curvature.