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55 Cards in this Set

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Where is the Vermiform Appendix
extension of the cecum at the iliocolic junction. Appendix is in the lower right quadrant
Where are the Arcades
Branches of the superior mesenteric artery that go into the mesentary proper and branch even further leading towards the small intestines.
Where is the ascending colon
In the upper and lower right quadrants. It is a secondary retroperitoneal structure. Recieves its blood from the superior mesenteric artery.
Caudate Lobe of the Liver
The portion of liver just below the portal hepatis. Caudate means having a tail.
Cecum
most inferior portion of the ascending colon below the iliocolic junction.
Celiac Trunk
From abdominal aorta above the pancreas at the lesser curvature of the stomach.
Common bile duct
Conjoined part of the cystic and hepatic ducts that The common bile duct enters the duodenum.
Common Hepatic artery
Branch of the celiac trunk towards the right. Brances into proper hepatic artery and hepatoduodenal artery.
Common hepatic duct
hepatic source of the common bile duct (The gall bladder source is called the cystic duct). It is within the porta hepatis.
Descending colon
Located in the upper and lower left quadrant of the peritoneal cavity. Blood is supplied by the inferior mesenteric artery. It is a secondary retroperitoneal structure.
Duodenum
1st part of the small bowels. divided into superior (1st), descending (2nd), Inferior/horizontal (3rd), and ascending (4th) part. The latter parts of the duodenum lack a mesentery.
Esophagus
Connected to the stomach at the cardiac sphincter.
Gall Bladder
underneath the posterior part of the right lobe of the liver. Lateral to the Round ligament of the liver. Its cystic duct is part of the porta hepatis.
Cystic Artery
The cystic artery branches off the right hepatic artery which branches off the proper hepatic artery which is the superior branch of the common hepatic artery which is the right branch of the celiac trunk which branches off the abdominal aorta. The cystic artery provides oxygenated blood to the gall bladder
Cystic Duct
Duct of the gall bladder that merges with the common hepatic duct to form the common bile duct.
Gastroduodenal Artery
Branches inferiorly from the common hepatic artery. The superior branch is the proper hepatic artery.
Hepatic Portal Vein
Part of the portal triad in the porta hepatis. Travels inferiorly.
Ileocolic Artery
Inferior most branch on the right side of the superior mesenteric artery.
Ileum
Extents from the end of the duodenum to the ileocolic junction. End of the duodenum and beginning of ilium cannot be distinguished grossly, but
Inferior Mesenteric Artery
Branches off the abdominal aorta towards the left. Provides blood to the descending and sigmoid colon plus the rectum.
Inferior Mesenteric Vein
Inferior branch of the splenic vein which branches of the hepatic portal vein.
Inferior Pancreaticoduodenal artery
superior most branch of the superior mesenteric artery. Splits into an anterior (duodenal) and posterior (pancreatic) part.
Intestinal branches forming arcades
Branches of the superior mesenteric artery
Jejunum
Begins where the ascending (4th part) of the duodenum ends. It is supplied by the mesentery proper.
Left Colic Artery
superior most branch of the inferior mesenteric artery. Splits into the ascending and descending branches.
Left Gastric Artery
Branches from the celiac trunk. above the splenic artery
Left Gastroepiploic artery
Branch of the splenic artery proximal most to the spleen.
left hepatic artery
Branches to the left from the proper hepatic artery which is the superior branch of the common hepatic artery.
left lobe of the liver
Lobe to the left of the round ligament. Its the smaller lobe.
marginal artery
The recurrent part of the superior mesenteric artery. It also branches superiorly to supply blood to the transverse colon.
Major duodenal papilla
entry of the common bile duct and pancreatic duct into the duodenum.
middle colic artery
branches superiorly from the superior mesenteric artery. Anastomoses with the marginal artery which runs parallel to the transverse colon.
Pancreatic Duct
Enters the major duodenal papilla along with the common bile duct. Exocrine duct of the pancreas. Becomes visible at the middle of the pancreatic head
Proper hepatic artery
Major branch of the celiac trunk. Branches to the right.
Quadrate lobe of the liver
Above the caudate lobe. Lies superior to the porta hepatis.
Rectum
Last part of the large intestine before solid wastes are secreted.
Right colic artery
Branches off the superior mesenteric artery to supply the ascending colon. It is ablve the ileocolic artery.
Right gastric artery
Branches from the proper hepatic artery to follow the lesser curvature of the stomach. It anastomoses wit hte left gastric artery that comes off superiorly from the celiac trunk.
right gastroepiploic artery
Branches inferiorly from the common hepatic artery that follows the greater curvature of the stomch and anastomoses with the left gastro-omental artery that branches from the splenic artery.
Right hepatic artery
Branches from the proper hepatic artery to the right.
right lobe of liver
The larger lobe.
round ligament of liver
Extension of the falciform ligament that inserts around the umbilicus.
segmental arteries to the spleen
Branches of the splenic artery
short gastric arteries
Terminal branches of the splenic artery that enter the superior ends of the greater curvature of the stomach.
Sigmoid Colon
Part of colon that is shaped like a sigmoid. It is located in the lower left quadrant of the peritoneal cavity and has a peritoneum.
Sigmoid arteries
Branches from the inferior mesenteric artery. There are three branches.
splenic vein
Branch of the hepatic portal vein towards the spleen. All mesenteric and 2ndary retroperitoneal viscera are drained by the hepatic portal system while the primarily retroperitoneal organs (kidney) are taken care of by the cava.
splenic artery
left branch of the celiac trunk.
stomach
superior connection to the esophagus, inferior connection to the duodenum. Sits anterior to the spleen.
Superior mesenteric vein
descending branch of the hepatic portal vein.
Superior pancreaticoduodenal artery
Branches from the gastroduodenal artery which is the inferior branch of the common hepatic artery. The anterior branch is the right bifurcation (the left bifurcation of the gastroduodenal artery is the right gastroepiploic artery). The Posterior branch begins inferioSupr from the beginning of the gastroduodenal artery off the common hepatic artery.
Superior rectal artery
Right branch of the inferior most bifurcation of the inferior mesenteric artery. The left bifurcation is one of the sigmoid arteries.
Transverse colon
Inferior the greater curvature of the stomach. Supplied by the transverse mesocolon.
Vagal Trunks
Anterior and posterior vagal trunks can be found on the anterior and posterior sides of the superior portions of the lesser curvature of the stomach and on the inferior parts of the esophagus at the cardiac sphincter.
Vasa recta
The straight arteries of the kidney? or the straight arteries of the marginal arteries and arcades. Probably the latter.