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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
reexperiencing the traumatic event, emotional numbing, hypervigilence and constant arousal
fears that are severe enough to lower the quality of life, chronic and frequent enough to interfere with functioning, out of proportion to the dangers they really face; goosebumps, muscles tense, heart rate increases, sense of dread, restlessness, irritability, anticipation of harm, etc
anxiety disorders
when panic attacks become a common occurance, when the panic attacks are usually not provoked by any particular situation, and when a person begins to worry about having attacks and changes behaviours as a result of this worry
panic disorder
extreme fear of certain things/situations
excessive anxiety and worry, difficulty in controlling the worry, restlessness or feeling keyed-up or on edge, easily fatigued, difficulty concentrating, irritability, muscle tension and sleep disturbance; all the time in almost all situations
thoughts, impulses, or images that are not simply excessive worries about real life problems, behaviours or mental acts that are aimed at preventing or reducing disstress or preventing some dreaded situations that are not connected in a realistic way with what they should prevent
different parts of an individual's identity, memories, or consciousness become split off from one another; chronic and a defining feature of people's lives
dissociative disorder
presence of two or more separate identities or personalities in the same individual; these personalities may have different ways of speaking and relating to others
person suddenly moves away from home and assumes an entirely new identity, with no memory of previous identity
dissociative fugue
loss of memory due to psychological rather than physiological causes; usually confined to personal information
dissociative amnesia
frequent episodes in which they feel detached from their own mental processes or bodies, as if they are outside observers of themselves
subjective experience of many physical symptoms, with no organic causes
somatoform and pain disorders
actual physical illness present and psychological factors seem to be contributung to the illness
psychosomatic disorders
deliberate faking of physical symptoms to avoid an unpleasant situation
deliberate faking of physical illness to gain medical attention
factitious disorder
parents fake or even create illnesses in their children in order to gain attention for themselves
factitious disorder by proxy
people lose all feeling in one hand
glove anesthesia
loss of functioning in some part of the body for psychological rather then physical reasons
conversion disorder
history of complaints about physical symptoms, affecting many different areas of the body, for which medical attention had been sought but no physical cause found
somatization disorder
history of complaints about pain, for which medical attention has been sought but that appears to have no physical cause
pain disorder
chronic worry that one has a physical disease in the absence of evidence that one does; frequently seek medical attention
excessive preoccupation with some part of the body the person believes is defective
body dysmorphic disorder
poor concentration, indecisiveness, poor self-esteem, hopelessness, suicidal thoughts, delusions, sleep or appetite disturbances, psychomotor problems, catatonia, fatigue, loss of memory, sadness, depressed mood, anhedonia (loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities), irritability
5 or more symptoms of depression including sadness or loss of interest or pleasure; at least 2 weeks
major depression
3 or more symptoms of depression including depressed mood; at least 2 years
dysthymic disorder
elevated, expansive, or irritable mood for at least one week, plus at least 3: inflated self-esteem or grandiosity, decreased need for sleep, more talkative that usual, a pressure to keep talking, flight of ideas or sense that your thoughts are racing, distractability, increase in activity directed at achieving goals, excessive involvement in potentially dangerous activities
people diagnosed with mania; many eventually fall into a depressive episode
bipolar I disorder
people diagnosed with major depression who also have episodes of hypomania
bipolar II disorder
people alternate between episodes of hypomania and moderate depression chronically over at least two years
cyclothymic disorder
long-standing pattern of thoughts, behaviours, and emotions that are maladaptive for the individual or for people around him or her
personality disorder
symptoms similar to those of schizophrenia, including inappropriate or flat affect, odd thought and speech patterns, and paranoia; maintain grasp on reality
cluster A: odd-eccentric personality disorders
manipulative, volatile, and uncaring in social relationships; inpulsive, sometimes violent behaviour that shows little regard for their own safety or needs of others
cluster B: dramatic-emotional personality disorders
extremely concerned about being criticized or abandoned by others and thus have dysfunctional relationships with them
cluster C: anxious-fearful personality disorders
chronic and pervasive mistrust and suspicion of other people that is unwarranted and maladaptive
paranoid personality disorder
chronic lack of interest in and avoidance of interpersonal relationships; emotional coldness toward others
schizoid personality disorder
chronic pattern of inhibited or inappropriate emotion and social behaviour, aberrant cognitions, disorganized speech
schizotypal personality disorder
pervasive pattern of criminal, impulsive, callous, or ruthless behaviour; disregard for rights of others; no respect for social norms
antisocial personality disorder
rapidly shifting and unstable mood, self-concept, and interpersonal relationships; impulsive
borderline personality disorder
rapidly shifting moods, unstable relationships, and intense need for attention and approval; dramatic, seductive behaviour
histrionic personality disorder
grandiose thoughts and feelings of one's own worth; obliviousness to others' needs
narcissistic personality disorder
pervasive anxiety, a sense of inadequacy, and a fear of being criticized, which leads to the avoidance of social interactions and nervousness
avoidant personality disorder
pervasive selflessness, need to be cared for, fear of rejection, leading to total dependence on and submission to others
dependent personality disorder
pervasive rigidity in one's activities and interpersonal relationshipd, including emotional construction, extreme perfectionism, and anxiety about even minor disruptions in one's routine
obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
a superficial charm, a grandiose sense of self-worth, a tendency toward boredom and need for stimulation, pathological lying, an ability to be conning and manipulative, and a lack of remorse
the anxiety aroused by unconscious conflicts could not be quelled or channeled by defense mechanisms
frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment; patter of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation, identity disturbance: markedly and persistently unstable self-image or sense of self; impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially selk-damaging (spending, sex, substance abuse, reckless driving, binge eating); recurrent suicidal behaviours, gestures, or threats, or self-mutilating behaviour; affective instability due to a marked reactivity of mood (e.g. intense episodic dysphoria, irritability, or anxiety); chronic feelings of emptiness; inappropriate, intense anger or difficulty controlling anger; transient, stress-related paranoid ideation or severe dissociative symptoms
borderline personality disorder
uncomfortable in situations in which he or she is not the center of attention; interaction with others is ofter characterized by inappropriate sexually seductive or provocative behaviour; displays rapidly shifting and shallow expression of emotions; consistently uses appearance to draw attention to self; has a style of speech that is excessively impressionistic and lacking in detail; shows self-dramatization, theatricality, and exaggerated expression of emotion; is suggestible, i.e., easily influenced by others or circumstances; considers relationships to be more intimate than they actually are
histrionic personality disorder
grandiose sense of self-importance; preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love; believes that he or she is "special" and can only be understood by or should associate with other special or high-status people (or institutions); sense of entitlement (unrealistic expectations of especially favourable treatment or automatic compliance); is interpeosonally exploitive (takes advantage of others to achieve own ends); lacks empathy: is unwilling to recognize or identify with the feelings and needs of others; is often envious of others or believes that others are envious of him/her; shows arrogant, haughty behaviours or attitudes
narcissistic personality disorder
1. failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behaviors as indicated by repeatedly performing acts that are grounds for arrest , deceitfulness, as indicated by repeated lying, use of aliases, or conning others for personal profit or pleasure, impulsivity or failure to plan ahead , irritability and aggressiveness, as indicated by repeated physical fights or assaults , reckless disregard for safety of self or others , consistent irresponsibility, as indicated by repeated failure to sustain consistent work behavior or honor financial obligations , lack of remorse, as indicated by being indifferent to or rationalizing having hurt, mistreated, or stolen from another
antisocial personality disorder
1. avoids occupational activities that involve significant interpersonal contact, because of fears of criticism, disapproval, or rejection; is unwilling to get involved with people unless certain of being liked, shows restraint within intimate relationships because of the fear of being shamed or ridiculed, is preoccupied with being criticized or rejected in social situations, is inhibited in new interpersonal situations because of feelings of inadequacy; views self as socially inept, personally unappealing, or inferior to others; is unusually reluctant to take personal risks or to engage in any new activities because they may prove embarrassing
avoidant personality disorder
1. has difficulty making everyday decisions without an excessive amount of advice and reassurance from others; needs others to assume responsibility for most major areas of his or her life; has difficulty expressing disagreement with others because of fear of loss of support or approval; has difficulty initiating projects or doing things on his or her own (because of a lack of self-confidence in judgment or abilities rather than a lack of motivation or energy); goes to excessive lengths to obtain nurturance and support from others, to the point of volunteering to do things that are unpleasant; feels uncomfortable or helpless when alone because of exaggerated fears of being unable to care for himself or herself; urgently seeks another relationship as a source of care and support when a close relationship ends; is unrealistically preoccupied with fears of being left to take care of himself or herself
dependent personality disorder
1. is preoccupied with details, rules, lists, order, organization, or schedules to the extent that the major point of the activity is lost; shows perfectionism that interferes with task completion (e.g., is unable to complete a project because his or her own overly strict standards are not met); is excessively devoted to work and productivity to the exclusion of leisure activities and friendships (not accounted for by obvious economic necessity); is overconscientious, scrupulous, and inflexible about matters of morality, ethics, or values (not accounted for by cultural or religious identification); is unable to discard worn-out or worthless objects even when they have no sentimental value; is reluctant to delegate tasks or to work with others unless they submit to exactly his or her way of doing things; adopts a miserly spending style toward both self and others; money is viewed as something to be hoarded for future catastrophes; shows rigidity and stubbornness
obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
suspects, without sufficient basis, that others are exploiting, harming, or deceiving him or her; is preoccupied with unjustified doubts about the loyalty or trustworthiness of friends or associates; is reluctant to confide in others because of unwarranted fear that the information will be used maliciously against him or her; reads hidden demeaning or threatening meanings into benign remarks or events; persistently bears grudges, i.e., is unforgiving of insults, injuries, or slights; perceives attacks on his or her character or reputation that are not apparent to others and is quick to react angrily or to counterattack; has recurrent suspicions, without justification, regarding fidelity of spouse or sexual partner
paranoid personality disorder
neither desires nor enjoys close relationships, including being part of a family; almost always chooses solitary activities; has little, if any, interest in having sexual experiences with another person; takes pleasure in few, if any, activities; lacks close friends or confidants other than first-degree relatives appears indifferent to the praise or criticism of others; shows emotional coldness, detachment, or flattened affectivity
schizoid personality disorder
ideas of reference (excluding delusions of reference); odd beliefs or magical thinking that influences behavior and is; inconsistent with subcultural norms (e.g., superstitiousness, belief in clairvoyance, telepathy, or "sixth sense"; in children and adolescents, bizarre fantasies or preoccupations); unusual perceptual experiences, including bodily illusions; odd thinking and speech (e.g., vague, circumstantial, metaphorical, overelaborate, or stereotyped); suspiciousness or paranoid ideation; inappropriate or constricted affect; behavior or appearance that is odd, eccentric, or peculiar; lack of close friends or confidants other than first-degree relatives; excessive social anxiety that does not diminish with familiarity and tends to be associated with paranoid fears rather than negative judgments about self
schizotypal personality disorder