• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Malaria
transmitted from mosquitos. protozoan disease. fever, flu symptoms, nausea
good prognosis if treated promptly
west nile virus
virus multiplies in blood, crosses blood-brain barrier and inflammation of brain, transmitted via mosquito. fever, head body ache, rash, swolen lymph glands
mild symptoms few days, sever several weeks
smallpox (variola)
caused by variola poxvirus. systemic disease with rash. spread via infected respiratory droplets, contaminated materials. fever, head backache, vomitting. 7 of 10 survive
Monkeypox
spread from animals to humans. fever, rash, head backache, swolen lymph nodes. good prognosis if treated early, can cause death
Anthrax
can occur in 1) cutaneous or skin 2) inhalation 3) gastrointestinal. exposure to infected animals. raised itchy bump, ulcer, cold, acute inflammmation of intestinal tract. mortality rate as high as 75%
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome
Viral infection presents with flulike symptoms. transmitted by rodents. headache, dizziness, vomitting. coughing, SOB. High mortality
Lyme Disease
Caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, tick transmitted spirochete. occurs in stages, rash, central nervous system, arthritis, neurologic problems. complete recovery
Escherichia coli O 157:H7
foodborne illness. organism lives in intestines of healthy cattle. may be contaminated during slaughter. bloody diarrhea, cramps. usually recover completely
Communicable Diseases
Common Cold, Influenza, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS),
SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Spread close contact. temp, headache body aches, trouble breathing. onset 2-7 days. 7-15% fatality
Immunosuppressant Syndromes
Chronic Fatigue, HIV/AIDS,
Communicable Diseases of Childhood and Adolescence
Infectious Diarrheal Diseases,Rubeola (Measles), Rubella (German Measeles), Erythema Infection (Fifth Disease), Mumps, Varicella (chickenpox), Diphtheria,Pertussis (whooping Cough), Tetanus (lock jaw)
Infectious Diarrheal Diseases
transmitted via oral-fecal route. common causes rotaviruses and bacteria- E. coli, salmonella, shigella, campylobacter, yersinia spp. prognosis good if detected early
Rubeola (measles)
fever, rash. about 5 days
Rubella (German Measles)
acute infectious disease fever and rash. prognosis good. dangerous for pregnant women
Erythema Infectiousum (Fifth Disease)
flulike symptoms, redness of skin. caused by human parvovirus B19, transmitted through respiratory secretions.Prognosis good, arthritis
Mumps
acute contragous disease, fever, inflammation of parotid salivary glands. mymps paramyxovirus, 18 days. good prognosis
Diphtheria
acute, life threatening infectious disease. membranelike coating over mucous membrances surfaces. primarily affects heart and peripheral nerves. 2-5 days. headache, malaise, mild fever. mild 3-4 days.
Pertussis (whooping Cough)
acute, highly infectious. 3 stages. 1)catarrhal- coldlike symptoms 2)paroxysmal-cough, whoop 3)decline. uncomplicated pertussis 12 weeks, possible death
tetanus (lock-jaw)
acute, life threatening, persistant painful contractions of skeletal muscles. caused by clostridium tetani, bacteria in soil. spores enter body thru wound. stiff jaw, esophageal muscles, nuck. altered voice. high mortality rate, 6-7 weeks