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15 Cards in this Set

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Superior (cephallic or cranial)
Toward the head or the upper part of a structure; generally refers to structures in the trunk.
Inferior (caudal)
Away from the head or toward the lower part of a structure; generally refers to structures in the trunk.
Anterior (ventral)
Nearer to or at the front or belly surace of the body. In the prone position, the body lies anterior side down; in the supine position, the body lies anterior side up.
Posterior (dorsal)
Nearer to or at the back or backbone surface of the body.
Medial
Nearer the midline of the body or a structure. The midline is an imaginary vertical line that divides the body intoequal left and right sides.
Lateral
farther from the midline of the body or a structure.
Intermediate
Between two structures
Ipsilateral
On the same side of the body.
Contralateral
On the opposite side of the body.
Proximal
Nearer the attachment of an extremity to the trunk; nearer to the point of origin.
Distal
farther from the attachment of an extremity to te trunk; farther from the point of origin.
Superficial (external)
Toward or on the surface of the body.
Deep (internal)
Away from the surface of the body.
Parietal
Pertaining to the outer wall of a body cavity.
Visceral
Pertaining to the covering of an oragan (viscus).