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14 Cards in this Set

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Toward the heard, or the upper part of a structure.
Superior (cephalic or cranial).
Away from the head, or the lower part of a structure.
Inferior (caudal).
The stomach is inferior to the lungs.
Nearer to or at the front of the body.
Anterior (ventral).
The sternum is anterior to the heart.
Nearer to or at the back of the body.
Posterior (dorsal)
The esophagus is posterior to the trachea.
Nearer to the midline or midsagittal plane.
Medial
The ulna is on the medial side of the forearm.
Nearer to the midline or midsagittal plane.
Medial
The ulna is on the medial side of the forearm.
Farther from the midline or midsagittal plane.
Lateral
The lungs are lateral to the heart.
Between two structures.
Intermediate
The transverse colon is intermediate between the ascending and descending colons.
On the same side of the body as another structure.
Ipsilateral
The gallbladder and ascending colon are ipsilateral.
On the opposite side of the body from another structure.
Contralateral.
The ascending and descending colons are contralateral.
Nearer to the attachment of a limb to the trunk; nearer to the point of origin.
Proximal
The humerus is proximal to the radius.
Farther from the attachment of a limb to the trunk; farther from the point of origin.
Distal
The phalanges are distal to the carpals.
Toward or on the surface of the body.
Superficial
The ribs are superficial to the lungs
Away from the surface of the body.
Deep
The ribs are deep to the skin of the chest.