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51 Cards in this Set

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Dinosaur
Sir Richard Owen; dino=terrible; saur=reptile aka dinosauria
Iguanodon
Mantel; don=tooth aka Iguana-tooth; put 'horn' on top of head- actually a claw
Megalasaurus
Buckland; mega= big aka big reptile
Hylaeosaurus
Mantel; aka woodland reptile
Trachadon
Leidy; duck billed since he has enough bones to reconstruct- proved that all dinosaurs were not quadra-pedal.
Cope
Willed brain to be weighed;
Marsh
found more dinosaur specimens. Together they collected over 100.
Mesozoic
Age of dinosaurs
Triassic
oldest; 210-245 millions years; dinosaurs first appear.
Jurassic
middle era; 135-210 million years
Cretaceaous
65-135 million years; when became extinct
radio-metric dating
half lifes; used to date dinosaurs
igneous rock
fire formed; usually comes from lava; Ex. granite; only time dinosaurs would be found here is in ashes
sedimentary rock
layered rock; most fossils are found here; can NOT date the rock.
stratigraphy
study of sedimentary sequencing.
index fossils
short lived; dates rocks based of what is found in the sediment.
relative dating
when a fossil is dateable and then applied elsewhere.
permineralization
when organic materials are replaced by inorganic materials; why bones turn black and get heavy
petrified
when all organic materials are gone
trace fossil
evidence of existance but not actual part of the creature. Ex. tracks, coprolite, gastroliths.
Gastrolith
stomach stones; found in weaker stomached creatures.
paleogeography
study of plate techtonics
Gondwana
southern part
Larasia
northern part; along with gondwana made Pangea
endemic
when a species is geographically restricted.
pterapsids
more primative plants; seedless; had to live in extremely wet areas; present day ferns
gymnosperms
present day confirs; have weak seeds; triassic and jurassic
angiosperms
flowering plants; most durable seeds; first appear early cretaceous; cross pollination.
Kings Put Crowns On Famous Girl Scouts
kingdon; phylym, class, order, family, genus, species
anapsid
no openings; ex. turtles
synapsid
mammal like reptile; walked on land; 1 lower opening
euryapsida
large marine reptiles; 1 upper opening
diapsid
2 openings; dinosaurs, crocodiles; snakes
thecodonts
rooted teeth; primative archeosaurs;
pterosauria
petri; flying reptiles
crocodilia
crodiles; alligators
saurischia
dinosaurs; lizard hipped
ornithisechia
dinosaurs; ortho= birds; bird hipped
eoraptor
order theropoda; dawn raptor; late triassic; argentina
herrasaurus
herra's reptile; late triassic; argentina; order theropoda
staurikosaurus
Brazil; cross reptile; late triassic
ceratosaurus
horned reptile; suborder ceratosauria; late triassic
coelophysis
unequal growth; 6 ft long
dilophoaurus
double crested dinosaur; one who spit poison in Jurassic Park;
Family Ornithomosauridae
bird mimic; have no teeth; fast runners; long arms; late creataceous; has gastralia( stomach ribs) small carnivors; sudorder tenanurae
Family oviraptoridae
late cretaceous; toothless; no gastralia; have a clavical; egg thief; small carnivors?
Family Troodonidae
gnaw tooth; have a lot of teeth; long legs; fast; used their hands; late cretaceous; huge brain and eyes; SMARTEST?; suborder tetanurae
Family Dromaeosauridae
running reptile; Ex. velociraptor= fast thief; late cretaceous; tetanurae.
Ex. deinonychus= terrible claw
Family Allosauridae
BIG; late Jurassic; Ex. allosaurus= strange reptile; 30 ft long; larger head and body-shorter arms; 3 claws; monolophosaurus= early cretacous; Asia; has one crest on head-mohawk; Ex. acrocanthosaurus: high spined reptile
Other Carnosaurs
Ex. crylophosaurus= Hammer's dino; frozen crested dinosaur; first dino found in antartica; early jurassic; Ex. carnotaurus= carviorous bull; 2 horns that look like functional weapons; South America; shorter skull and bite; Ex. spinosaurus: spine; huge sail like crest on the spin; thermo regulating device.
Family Tyrannosauridae
Ex. tyrannosaurus: tyrant; 45 feet long; huge head; extremely short arms with 2 claws. albertasaurus=found mainly in Alberta Canada.