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25 Cards in this Set

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Normal Flora/Fauna
Microbs that live in the large intestines and they also occupy space so that bad things cant "move in", they are found on every surface of the body.
Normal flora/fauna produce
Vitamin K and B5
Bilirubins
Indigestible Compounds
Coliform
The specific flora/fauna that are found in the large intestines
Rectum
Used for temporary storage. The opening is called the anus which has the internal and external anal sphincter.
Internal-Involuntary
External-Voluntary
Defication Reflexes
Happen when the feces fill up the rectum which causes it to stretch
Diarrhea
Feces that have moved from the ascending colon too quickly. This can cause dehydration and you cant maintain blood flow
Constipation
Not enough water in the feces and spending too much time in the colon. You need to drink water and consume fiber to help with this problem.
Electrolytes
diffusion and active transport
Water Soluble Vitamins
there are 9 of them. If you have access then they are excreted in the urine
4 Fat soluble Vitamins
A,D,E,K
The way we absorb these vitamins is by eating fat
2 Typles of metabolism
Anabolism, Catabolism
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
C6H12O6+6O2+H2O--> 6CO2+H2O+38ATP
Heat
Becomes a waste product, but we capture that heat to maintain homeostasis
Shivering
Muscles go through little contractions to burn up ATP
Metabolic Rate
Speeds up to burn ATP
Nutrients
Vitamins, minerals and water-your body absorbs them as they exist, it does not change them
Nutrition
Absorption of nutrients from food
Chymeric
Changeable-kids need different nutrients than adults
BMR-Basal Metabolic Rate
measure of the caloric needs per unit of time
Sitting down and doing nothing:
70C an hour
1800 Kilocalories per day
How age affects BMR
5,000 calories a day-kids
Men have slightly higher BMR than women because of muscle
Genetic differences-whites to blacks
Overweight people compared to not overweight people
Inshape people compared to non-inshaped people
Lipoproteins
Low Density Molecule
High Density Molecule
Low Density
molecules that pick up cholesterol from liver and takes it to the perpherial tissues, the tissues use some and has some left over
High Density
picks up left over cholesterol from perpherial tissues and takes it back to the liver
C reactive protein
a by product of inflammed arteries
Triglycerides
Building blocks for fats