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20 Cards in this Set

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Amylase
enzyme that digests carbohydrates
appendix
worm-shaped outpouching of the wall of the cecum
bile
A digestive aid secreted by the liver; it emulsifies fats.
biliary tree
Arrangement of ducts that transport bile from the liver to the gallbladder and duodenum; includes hepatic ducts,cystic duct, and common bile duct.
cecum
part of the large intestine that connects the illeum of the small intestine and the ascending colon of the large intestine
chyle
milky fluid found in the lacteals of the villi; consists of emulsified fats and lymph
chyme
pastelike mixture of partially digested food, water, and digestive enzymes that is formed in the stomach.
colon
major portion of the small intestine that extends from the cecum to the rectum.
digestion
process of breaking down food into absorbable particles.
duodenum
first part of the small intestine
esophagus
The tubelike structure that connects the pharynx to the stomach; the food tube
ileum
distal end of the small intestine
jejunum
second or middle part of the small intestine
lipase
enzyme that digests fats into fatty acids and glycerol
mineral
inorganic substance such as sodium or potasium
peristalsis
rnythmic contraction of smooth muscle that propels a substance forward; perstalsis in the digestive tract moves the moves the food from the esophagus toward the anus
protease
enzyme that digests protein
stomach
a digestive organ that is located between the esophagus and the duodenum
villus (villi)
finger like projections such as the villi that line the intestine; function in absorbtion
vitamin
organic substance that is necessary for normal metabolism