Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
salivary glands
presence of food triggers salivary glands to release saliva
salivary glands protects
esophagus from abrasion and begins digestion of carbohy.
tongue
helps to shape food into a ball called a bolus and pushed food into the pharynsz
pharynx
juntion that opens to both the esophagus and trachea and guies the bolus into the esophagus
esophagus
conducts food into the stomach; swallowing is voluntary followed by involuntary contractions
liver
produces bile for digestion
bile
bitter alkaline fluid that helps food in digestion
gallbladder
bile is stores have liver produces it
stomach
breaks down large fat molecules
pancreas
produces enzymes that break down all categories of digestible food and secretes hormones that affect carb. metoabolis
small intestine
proteines changes in amino acids and fat changes into fatty acids and carbs change into glucose *most chemical digestion takes place*
large instine(colon)
storing waste, absorbds some vitamins
rectum
final str8 potion of the large intestine
anus
external opening of the rectum
closure is controlled by sphincter muscles
feces are expelled from the body thru anus
digestion of carbs
begins with saliva in oral cavity
pancreatic enzymes hydrolyze carbs into disaccharids and then monomers
absorbed by intestinal epithelium and passed into capillaries
digestion of proteins
beings with pepsin in stomach
enzymes in small ins. changes polypep. to amino acids
passed thru intestinal epithelium and passed in capillaties
digestion of lipids
bile from gallblasses coeats tiny fat droplets
then exposed to lipase
absorbed in intestinal epithelium
mixed with choloestrol and coated to form chylomicrons
intestinal epithelium
tissue lining the organ
mechanical digestion
states at mouth
chemical
breakin food down with enzymes