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17 Cards in this Set

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1. What is the most vitamin dependent enzyme in the body?

What four vitamins does it require?
Pyruvate dehydrogenase

1. Thiamin (vit. B)
-beri beri is deficiency

2. Niacin (vit. B)
-pellagra deficiency

3. Panthothenic acid
-CoA is associated with it

4. Riboflaving
2. How many people are deficient in vitamin Ca++?

What other vitamins are associated with Ca++?
90% people
(need 4 glasses milk/day)

Phosphorous and vitamin D
3. Where can you get vitamin D?

What is vitamin A needed for?

What is vitamin E important for?
Sunlight and in oily fish

Tissue growth, vision, and tooth development

Cell membrane
-lipid and fat soluble vitamin
4. What can a deficiency in vitamin C cause?

Where is this seen first?
Scurvy

Inability to make collagen
**CT is affected

Shows up first in oral cavity w/ gum problems
5. What is folate necessary for?

What can folate deficiencies cause?

Do plant have vitamin B12?
Nucleotide biosynthesis

Neural tube defects and megaloblastic anemia

No
6. For whom is the TLC diet recommended for?

What are the TLC diet recommendations for total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, and fiber?
People w/ high LDL cholesterol and/or other risk factors for coronary heart disease

Total fat: 25-35% of total calories

Sat. fat: less than 7% of total calories

Cholesterol: less than 200 mg/day

Fiber: 20-30 g/day
7. Why is saturated fat bad?

What do omega 3's do?
Raises LDL

Lowers LDL and raises HDL
8. What are the 3 recommendations of weight loss?
1. Don't eat less than 1200 kg/day

2. Don't lose more than 2 lbs a week

3. Eat a variety of foods
9. Why do you not want to eat less than 1200 kg/day and lose more then 2 lbs a week?
Want to maintain lean muscle mass

If you lose muscle mass than BMR will decrease and you'll regain weight
10. Do athletes need higher protein intake?
If you are sedentary and increase exercise, protein requirement temporarily goes up

Athletes in training do not have increased protein requirement to maintain N balance

Athletes in strength training want pos. N balance (increase muscle mass) so they need more protein
11. Are strict vegetarian diets safe and healthy?
Can be BUT must watch protein (essential AA) and iron (prevalent in meat)

Also mush watch...
-Ca ++ (dark leafy vegetables)
-Vit. D (in oily fish)
-Vit. B12 (can't get strictly from plants so must take supplement)
12. Is there anything wrong with a diet consisting milk, cheese, meat, and white bread?
Yes!

High saturated fat
-meat/cheese

Low/no fiber

Lack lots of nutrients
13. What dietary modifications can be made to prevent cancer?

Four things...
1. Decrease saturated fat

2. Maintain ideal weight (obesity is factor in developing cancer)

3. Increase fiber?
-reduce colon cancer?

4. Eat broccoli and cabbage
14. What is the purpose of eating fiber?
Insoluble fiber
-prevent diverticulosis and irritable bowel syndrome

Soluble fiber
-binds to cholesterol to help lower LDL levels
15. How can you tell anorexia or bulimia?
Bulimia
-back of teeth erode

Anorexia
-decrease in bone density
-loose teeth
16. Is there higher saturated fat and cholesterol in an egg or hamburger?

Is cholesterol necessary?
Egg
-cholesterol: 300 mg
-saturated fat: 2 g

Hamburger
-cholesterol: 80 mg
-saturated fat: 8 g

Necessary for production of hormones and for synthesis of healthy cell membranes

Also needed for normal brain and nervous tissue development
17. What is necessary for tooth development?
1. Ca++
2. Phosphorous
3. Vit. C
4. Vit. D
5. Vit. A
6. Protein
7. Fluoride

**want to minimize refined sugars