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178 Cards in this Set

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A
to, at, in
acclerando (accel.)
growing faster
accent
emphasis placed on a note or chord
adagio
slowly
a deux (a 2)
to be played by both instruments
ad libitum (ad lib.)
freely; not in strict time
affettuoso
with feeling and emotion
agitato
agitated, restless, hurried
al fine
to the end
alla
in the style of
alla breve
cut time; two beats to the measure; one beat to each half note
allargando (allarg.)
growing slower and louder
allegretto
a bright tempo; faster than moderato but slower than allegro
allegro
fast
amoroso
affectionately
andante
a moderately slow but flowing tempo
andantino
a little faster than andante
animato
animated; with spirit
a piacere
at pleasure; equivalent of ad libitum
appassionato
with passion and emotion
arpeggio
notes of a chord played consecutively; a broken chord
assai
very
a tempo
in the original tempo
attacca
begin the next portion of the music without pausing
bassa
low. 8va bassa means play the notes an octave lover than written
ben
well
bis
twice; repeat the passage
bravura
boldness
brillante
brilliant
brio
vigor, spirit
cadenza
an elaborate solo passage, frequently unaccompanied, used as an embellishment
calando
gradually softer and slower
capriccioso
in a fanciful and capricious style
chromatic
proceeding by semitones (half steps)
coda
a closing passage
con
with
col
with
con anima
with animation and boldness
con brio
with vigor and brilliancy
con expressione
with expression
con fuoco
with fire and passion
con moto
with motion
con spirito
with spirit and energy
da
from
dal
from
da capo (D.C.)
from the beginning
D.C. al fine
from the beginning tot he word Fine (the finish or end)
dal segno (D.S.)
from the sign
D.S. al fine
from the sign to the word Fine
decrescendo (decresc.)
decreasing the volume of the tone
diminuendo (dim.)
gradually softer
divisi (div.)
divided; each part to be played by a separate instrument
dolce
sweetly
dolcissimo
very sweetly
dolore
sorrow, sadness
doloroso
sadly
dynamics
expression produced by the different degrees of volume of the tone
E
and
elegante
elegant, graceful
energico
energetic, vigorous
enharmonic
alike in pitch but different in notation
espressivo
expressively
fermata
a pause or hold
finale
the concluding movement
fine
the end
forte (f)
loud
fote-piano (fp)
accent strongly, diminishing immediately to piano
fortissimo (ff)
very loud
forza
force, power, strength
forzando (fz)
the note or chord strongly accented
fuoco
fire, energy
furioso
furious
giocoso
humorous
giojoso
joyous
giusto
exact; in strict time
glissando
slurred smoothly in a gliding manner
grace notes
small notes added for an ornamental or embellishing effect
grandioso
in a grand manner
grave
solemnly and very slowly
grazioso
gracefully
gruppetto
a group of grace notes; a turn
il
the
impetuoso
impetuous
key note
the tonic or first note in a scale
lamentoso
lamenting, sad
largamente
in a full, broad style
larghetto
slowly, but not as slowly as largo
largo
a slow broad tempo
ledger lines
short lines added above or below the staff for notes too high or too low to appear on or within the staff
legato
in a smooth, connected manner, indicated by the slur
leggiero
lightly
lento
slow
loco
as written; generally used after a passage marked 8va
ma
but
ma non troppo
but not too much so
maestoso
majestic, dignified
maggiore
the major key
marcato
in a marked and emphatic style
marcia
march
marziale
in a martial style
meno
less
mezzo
half
mezzo forte (mf)
moderately loud
minore
the minor key
misterioso
mysteriously
moderato
moderately
molto
much, very
mordent
an embellishment of two or more notes that make up a very short trill
morendo
dying away; softer and softer
moto
motion
non
not
non tanto
not to much
notation
the art of representing music by written or printed characters
opus
a work or composition
passionato
passionate
patetico
pathetic
pause
a pause, also called hold or fermata
pianissimo (pp)
very softly
piu
more, as piu forte, piu lento, etc
piu mosso
more movement; faster
poco
a little
poco a poco
little by little
pomposo
pompous, grand
prestissimo
as fast as possible
primo (1mo)
the first, as Tempo Primo
quasi
like; in the style of
rallentando (rall.)
gradually slower
risoluto
in a resolute and bold manner
ritardando (rit.)
retarding; gradually slowing the tempo
retenuto (riten.)
in a slower tempo; held back
scherzando
playfully
segue
follows on; continue
semplice
in a simple, unaffected manner
sempre
always, continually
senza
without
sforzando (sfz.)
with sudden force or emphasis
simile
similarly; in like manner
smorzando (smorz.)
extinguished; suddenly dying away
solo
a composition or passage for a single voice or instrument
sordino
a mute, such as used for a violin, a trumpet
sostenuto
sustained
sotto voce
in a quiet, subdued tone
spirito
sprit, energy
staccato
detatched, cut short
subito
immediately, suddenly
syncopation
a type of time structure in which an accented note occurs on an ordinarily weak beat and is prolonged through and ordinarily strong beat
tacet
be silent; do not play
tempo
rate of speed
tenuto (ten.)
held for the full time value
trill
a rapid alternation between the printed note and the next note above it
troppo
too much
tutti
all together
un
a, one, an
vivace
lively, briskly
vivo
animated, quick
volti subito (v.s.)
turn the page immediately
appoggiatura
a grace note which takes the accent and part of the time value of the following principal note; often called long grace note
cantabile
in a singing style
crescendo (cresc.)
increasing the volume or loudness of the tone
l'istesso tempo
at the same tempo as the previous passage or movement
mezzo piano (mp)
moderately soft
mosso
movement
obbligato
a counter-melody which complements the main theme and which constitutes an indispensable part of the composition
octave
an interval of eight diatonic sounds; notes an octave apart have the same letter name, but one of them is higher than the other
ossia
otherwise; or else; indicating another way of playing a passage
perdendosi
gradually softer and slower; dying away
piano (p)
softly
presto
very fast; faster than allegro
recitativo (recit.)
a style of performance intended to sound like a dramatic recitation in natural speech.
replica
repetition
rinforzando (rfz.)
reinforced; played with added strength and emphasis
rubato
robbing or taking from the notes their strict time value by alternately hurrying and retarding for the purpose of expression
stringendo (string.)
pressing; accelerating the tempo
tranquillo
queitly, calmly
tremolo
repetition of a note or chord with great rapidity producing a tremulous sound
triplet
a group of three notes played in the same time usually given to two notes of the same value.
turn
an embellishment consisting of four rapidly played notes that wind around the printed note
meno mosso
less motion; slower