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17 Cards in this Set

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anisocytosis
cond of marked variation in size of erthrocytes when observed on bld smear
ascites
accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal or pleural cavity
bacteremia
presence of viable bact in bld stream and considered as travelers rather than bld infection
graft rejection
recipient's immume system attacks a transplanted organ or tissue resulting in its distruction
graft-versus-host reaction (GVHR)
cond after bone marrow transplant where the immune cells in the transplanted marrow produce antibodies against the host's tissues
acute- w/in 2 mo
chronic- w/in 3 mo (symp similar to scleroderma)
hematoma
localized accumulation of bld usually clotted in an organ, space, or tiss due to break in or severing of a bld vessel
hemoglobinopathy
any disorder caused by abnormalities in the hemoglobin molecule
(sickle cell anemia)
hemolysis
destruction of RBCs with a release of hemoglobin that diffuses into the surrounding fluid
hemostasis
arrest of bleeding or circulation
immunity
state of being protected against infectious diseases
active immunity
developed as a consequence of exposure to an antigen and teh subsequent development of antibodies (natural/artificial)
passive immunity
antibodies or other immune substances formed in one individual are transferred to another to provide immediate, temporary immunity
(natural - infant /artificial-injection)
lymphadenopathy
any disease of the lymph nodes
(local or systemic)
lymphosarcoma
malignant neoplastic disorder of lymphatic tiss (not related to Hodgkin dis)
septicemia
systemic dis assoc with the presence and persistence of pathogenic microorganisms or their toxins in the bld
AKA bld infection
(chills, fever, purpuric pustules, abcesses; if untreated = shock and death)
serology
bld test to detect teh presence of antibodies, antigens, or immune substances
titer
bld test that measures the amt of antibodies in bld; commonly used as an indicator of immune status