Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
excessive acidity of body fluids, commonly associated with pulmonary insufficiency and the subsequent retention of CO2
absence or decrese in the sense of smell
(temporary cond from upper resp infection or cond that causes intranasal swelling)
temporary loss of breathing
(obstructive-enlarged tonsils and adnoids, central-failure of brain to transmit impulses for breathing, mixed)
sleep apnea
one of several disorders in which breathing during sleep stops for more than 10 sec and usually more than 10X/hour, causing measurable blood deoxygenation
cond caused by insufficient intake of O2
(Causes: drowning, electrical shock, lodged foreign body in resp tract, inhalation of toxic smoke, and poisoning)
collapsed or airless state of the lung, which may be acute or chronic and affect all or part of a lung (after surgery or fetal)
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation int he depth of respiration, first deeply, then shallow, then not at all
ease with which lung tissue can be strectched
head cold; URI (upper resp infection)
common childhood cond involving inflammationof the larynx, trachea, bronchial passages,and lungs (barking cough); suffocative/difficult breathing; laryngeal spasm and formation of a membrane
deviated nasal septum
desplacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils
sever, life-threatening infection of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures that occurs most commonly in children 2-12
(symp: fever, dysphagia, inspiratory stidor, and sever resp distress. intubation/tracheostomy may be req'd to open obstructed airway)
nosebleed; nasal hemorrhage
finger clubbing
enlargement of the terminal phalanges of the fingers/toes commonly assoc with pulmonary disease
deficiency of O2 in the blood AKA anoxemia
(sign of resp impairment)
absence of deficiency of O2 in tissues AKA anoxia
acute infectious dis characterized by a cough that has a whoop sound
AKA whooping cough
(immumization of infants - DPT vaccine is good prevention)
inflammation of the plearal membrane char by stabbing pain intensified by coughing or deep breathing
AKA pleuritis
occupational dis caused by inhaling dust particles - coal dust(anthracosis), stone dust (chalicosis), iron (siderosis), asbestos(asbestosis)
pulmonary edema
accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli, caused by heart failure
(excessive fluid in lungs induces coughing and dyspnea)
pulmonary embolus
mass of undissolved matter (bld clot, tiss, air bubbles, and bact) in the pulmonary arteries or its branches
abn resp sound heard on auscultation, caused by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters moisture-filled alveoli AKA crackle
adventitious breath sound that resembles snoring, suggesting secretions in larger airways
high pitched, harsh, adventitous breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airway
(requires immediate intervention)
sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently normal and healthy infant, usually less than 12mo AKA crib death
whishling or sighing sound on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the resp passageway
(asthma, croup, hay fever, obstructive emphysema, obstrucive resp cond)