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18 Cards in this Set

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acromegaly
chronic metabolic disorder char by gradual, marked enlargement and thickening of the bones of the face and jaw
diuresis
Abn secretion of lg amts of urine
(diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, acute renal failure)
glucagon
hormone secreted by the pancreatic alpha cells
(inc bld glucose by stimulating liver to change stored glycogen to glucose / opposes insulin action and is used as an injection in diabetes to reverse hypoglycemic rxns and insulin shock)
glucose
simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
glycosuria
presence of glucose in the urine, abn amt of sugar in the urine
Graves disease
multisystem autoimmune disorder char by pronounced hyperthyroidism usually assoc with enlarged thyroid gland and exophthalmos (abn protrusion of the eyeball)
hirsutism
excessive distribution of body hair, esp in women
(abn androgen prod or metabolism)
hypercalcemia
excessive amt of Ca in the bld
hyperkalemia
excessive amt of K in bld (result of defective renal excretion of K)
hypervolemia
Abn inc in vol of circulating fluid(plasma) in the body
(retention of lg amts of Na and water in kidneys) (sign/symp: wt gain, edema, dyspnea, tachycardia, pul congestion)
hyponatremia
Abn cond of low Na in bld
insulinoma
tumor of the islets of Langerhans of pancreas
obesity
abn inc in the proportion of fat cells, mainly in the viscera and subcutaneous tiss of the body
panhypopituitarism
total pituitary impairment that brings about a progressive and general loss of hormonal activity
pheochromocytoma
small chomaffin cell tumor, usually located in the adrenal medulla
thyroid storm
crisis of uncontrolled hyperthyroidism caused by the release into the bloodstream of inc amt of thyroid hormone; AKA thyroid crisis or thyrotoxic crisis
virile
masculine or having char of a man, esp copulative powers
virilism
masculinization in a woman or development of male secondary sex char in the woman