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37 Cards in this Set

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Anorexia
an: without
orexia: an appetite
Lack of Loss of appetite.
Appendicitis
Inflammation of the appendix, usually due to obstruction.
Ascites
Accumulation of serious fluid in the abdomen.
Borborygmus
Rumbling or gurgling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by passage of gas
cachexia
General lack of nutrition and wasting occuring in the course of a chronic disease or emotional disrubance
cholelithiasis
chol/e: BILE, GALL
Lith: Stone, calculus
-iasis: abnormal condition
Presence or formatioan of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct
Crohn Disease
Chronic inflammation, usually of the ileum, but possibly affecting any portion of the intestinal tract
cirrhosis
Chronic, irreversible, degeneative disease of the liver
colic
spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ accompanied by pain, especially in the colon
deglutition
Act of swallowing
dysentery
Inflammation of the intestine, especially the colon, possibly caused by ingesting water or food containing irritants, bacteria or parasites that results in bloody diarrhea
dyspepsia
Epigastric discomfort felt after eating; also called indigestion
dysphagia
Inability or difficulty in swallowing; also called aphagia
eructation
Producing gas from the stomach, usually with a characteristic sound; also called belching
fecalith
Fecal concretion
Flatus
Gas in the GI tract; expelling of air froma body orifice, espcially the anus.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Gastr/o: stomach
esophag: esophagus
-eal: pertaining to, relating to
Backflow of gastric contents int o the espohagus due to a malfunction ofthe sphincter muscle at the inferior poertion of the esophagus
halitosis
Offensive or "bad" breath
Hematemesis
hemat: blood
-emesis: vomiting
vomiting of blood
irritable bowel syndrom (IBS)
symptoms complex marked by abdominal pain and altered bowel function (typically consitipation, diarrhea, or alternating constipation and diarrhea) for which no organic cause can be determined; also called spastic colon
obstipation
Intestional obstruction; also called severe constipation
malabsorption syndrome
Symptom complex of the small intestine characterized by the imparied passage of nutrients, minerals, or fluids through intestional villi into the blood or lymph
melena
passage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices
oral leukoplakia
Formation of white sopts or patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue, lips, or cheek caused primarily by irritation
peristalsis
Progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body, especially the GI tract
pyloric stenosis
pylor: pylorus
-ic: pertianing to
sten: narrowing, stricture
-osis: abnormal condition; increase
stricture or narrowing of the pyloric orifice, possibly due to excessive thickening of the pyloric sphincter (circular muscle of the pylorus)
regurgitation
Backward flowing, as in the reurn of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach or the backward flow of blood through
steatorrhea
passage of fat in large amounts in the feces due to failure to digest and absorb it.
Visual examination of a cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrucment called an endoscope
Endoscopy

endo: in, within
-scopy: visual examination
Endoscopy of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum
Upper GI
Endoscopy of the colon, sigmoid colon and rectum and anal canal
Lower GI
Panel of blood tets that identify the specific cirus - hepatitis A (HAV), hepatitis B or Hepatitis C - causing hepatitis by testing serum using antibodies to each o fthese antigens
Hepatitis Panel
Tests involving measurement o the levels of certain enzymes, bilirubin, and various proteins
Liver function tests (LFTs)
Microbiological procedure in which microorganisms in feces are grown on media or nutrient
Stool culture
Measurement of the level of bilirubin in the blood
serum bilirubin
Applying a substance called guaiac to a stool sample to detect the presence of blood in the feces; also called Hemoccult
Stool guaiac
Radiographic images taken of the gallbladder after administration of a contrast meterial containing iodine, usually in the form of a tablet
Cholecystography