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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Diagnostic Teaching
the practice of continuously trying a variety of instructional strategies and materials based on the needs of the student. Addresses a specific area or skill.
Individualized Instruction
Student works at own pace on material based on the needs, interests, and ability of the student.
Learning Center
An integral part of the instructional program and vital to a good individualized program. An area is usually set aside in the classroom for intstruction in a specific curriculum area.
Reading and Listening Center
Group Instruction
A number of students are taught at the same time; helps make instruction more manageable.
Whole class instruction or reading groups
Peer Tutoring
A student helps another student gain a needed skill.
same grade
A map or chart showing the interrelationships of children in a classroom and identifying those who are "stars' or "isolates"
Cross-Age Tutoring
Studnets from upper grades work with children from lower grades.
Different grades
Word Recognition
A twofold process that includes both the identificatin of printed symbols by some method so that the word can be pronounced and the association of meaning to the word after it has been properly pronounced.
Phonic Analysis
the breaking down of a word into its components
Phonic Synthesis
The building up of the component parts of a word into a whole.
Whole word or look say
A word recognition strategy in which a child's attention is directed to a word and then the word is said.
Structural Analysis
A technique for breaking a word into its pronunciation units; the breaking down of a word into word parts such as prefixes, suffixes, roots, and combining forms.
Structural Synthesis
A technique for building up of word parts into the whole.
The study of the relationship between letter symbols of a written language and the sounds they represent.
Explicit Phonics Instruction
Each sound associated with a letter in the word is pronounced in isolation, and then the sounds are blended together, synthetic phonics.
Implicit Phonics Instruction
Does not present sounds associated with letters in isolation. Children listen to words that begin with a particular sound; then they state another word that begins with the same sound, analytic phonics.
Consonant Clusters(blends)
A combination of consonant sounds blended together so that the identity of each sound is retained
gl, cl, nd
Usually consisting of either two consonants or two vowels which represent one speech sound.
Vowel Diagraph:ai
Consonant Diagraph:th, ch
Blends of vowel sounds begining with the first and gliding to the second. The vowel blends are represented by two adjacent vowels. Syllabication - one vowel sound.
The sound often found in the unstressed syllables of words with more thanone syllable. Represented by an upside down e.
A vowel or group of letters containing one vowel sound.
Phonograph (graphemic base)
A succession of graphemes that occurs with the same phinetic value in a number of words. Word family.
light, ake, at, et
Diacritical Markings
Marks that show how to pronounce a word.
Prefixes that are added before the root word and suffixes that are added to the end of a root word.
Prefixes: pre, un
Suffixes: ly, less, ful
Smallest unit of a word that can exist and retain its basic meaning.
playful - play
Combinations of root words with either prefixes, suffixes, or both
re + play = replay
Vocabulary Consiousness
An awareness that words may have different meanings based on their context and a desire to increase one's vocabulary.
(4 levels)
Understanding; the ability to get the meaning of something.
Levels: Literal, Interpretive, Critical, Creative
Directed Reading-Thinking Activity(DRTA)
Requires teachers to ask questions before, during and after a talk; consists of a number of steps and requires students to active participants.
cognitive arrangements by which the mind is able to categorize incoming stimuli.
Reciprocal Reading Instruction
A four step teacher directed reading technique that consists of summarizing, questioning, clarifying, and predicting.
Repeated Reading
Similar to paired reading; child reads along until he or she gains confidence to read alone
Literature Webbing
A story map technique to help guide children in using predictable trade books.
Divergent Thinking
The many different ways to solve problems or look at things.
Question Answer Relationships
Helps students distinguish between "what they have in thier heads" and information that is in the text.
Thinking critially about thinking; refers to individual's knowledge about thier thinking process and ability to control them.
Context Clue
An item of information from thr surrounding words of a particular word in the form of a synonym, antonym, example, definition, description, explanation, and so on, that helps shed light on the particular word.
Words similar in meaning
Words opposite in meaning
Words that are spelled but have different meanings
Main Idea
The central thought of a paragraph. Central idea is used when refering to a group of paragraphs, an article or a story.
Understanding that is not derived from a direct statement but from an indirect suggestion in what is stated; understanding that is implied.
A thinking skill involving the ability to classify items into general and specific categories.
Relationships between words and ideas.
A widely used study technique that involves five steps: survey, question, read, receite or recall, and review.
Study Procedures
1. build good habits.
2. devise asystem that works for you.
3. keep at it.
4. maintain a certain degree of tension.
5. concentrate.
Sustained attention; it is essential for both studying and listening to lectures.
Reading rapidly to find or locate information.
Most rapid reading when searcing for specif information like a date in a selection.
Semantic Mapping
A graphic representation used to illustrate concepts such as classes, properties, and examples.