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5 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Type I DM
1) genetic predisposition + environmental trigger
2) autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells -> absolute lack of insulin production
presentation
TYPE I diabetes
usually < 30 y/o
low body weight (dramatic drop)
low c-peptide
symptoms (poly dipsia; phagia; uria)
sometimes ketoacidosis
rapid onset
type II epidemiology
90% of all cases of DM
women > men
incidence increases w/ age
more common in AA, Asian, Hispanic, Native Americans
(+) family history
Metabolic syndrome
obesity (waist)
artherosclerosis
hyperlipidemia
hypertension
TYPE II
Presentation
>40
family history
race (AA,asian, hispanic, native american)
physical inactivity
HTN
HDL <35; TG > 250
age
gestational DM or baby > 9 lbs
h/o vascular disease
h/o polycystic ovarian disease