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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
2 rapid acting insulins are
Lispro
Aspart
1 short acting insulin is
Regular
2 intermediate acting insulins are
NPH,
Lente
2 Long acting insulins are
Untralente, Glargine
Mixed insulins are
70/30
50/50
Humalong mix 75/25
brand name for the 2 rapid acting insulins are
Humalog-lispro
novolog-aspart
brand name for the short acting insulins is
Humulin or novolinR
brand name for the intermediate acting insulin are
humulin or novolin N - HPH
humulin or novolin- lente
brand name for the long acting insulin ultralente and glargine are
humulin U - Ultralente
Lantus- Glargine
Onset and peak times for The rapid acting Lispro(humalog)are:
Onset = 5 minutes
Peak = 30-60 minutes
Onset and peak times for the rapid acting Aspart (Novolog) are:
onset= 5-15 minutes
Peak = 45-50 minutes
Onset and peak times for the short acting Regulr insulin (Humulin or novolin R) are:
onset= 30 minutes
Peak = 2-4 hours
onset and peak times for the intermediate acting insulin NPH (Humulin or Novolin N) are
Onset= 1-2 hours
Peak= 8-12 hours
onset and peak times for the intermediate acting insulin Lente (humulin or Novolin) is
onset=1-2 hours
Peak= 6-10 hours
onset and peak tiems for the long acting insulin Ultralente (humulinU) is
onset= 4-6hours
peak= 10-18 hours
onset and peak for the long acting insulin Glargine (lantus) is
onset 1-2hours
peak No peak
onset and peak for the mixed insulins 70/30-50/50 are
Onset-30-minutes
peak= 4-12 hours
onset and peak for the mixed insulin Humalog Mix 75/25 is
onset= 15 minutes
Peak= 30-90 minutes
the effective duration for lispro ( humalog) is
3-4 hours
the effective duration for aspart(novolog) is
3-5 hours
the effective duration for Regular (humulin or novolinR) is
6 hours
the effective duration for NPH (humulin or novolinN)
18-24 hours
the effective duration for Lente (humulin or Novolin)
12-18 hours
the effective duration for Ultralente (humulinU) is
36 and above hrs
the effective duration for Glargine (lantus) is
24 hours
the effective duration for 70/30 or 50/50 (Humulin or Novolin)
16-24 hours
the effective duration for humalog mix 75/25 is
18-26 hours
what insulin should never be mixed
lantus
what insulin is most like your own
Regular
what insulin is given IV
Regular
example of simple carbs are
honey, sugar, pop, icing
examples of complex carbs are
pasta, peas, corn, bread, potatoes.
Normal blood glucose is
70-120
signs of hypoglycemia include
shaking, irritable, cold clammy, blurred vision
hyperglycemia s/s included
polyuria, plydysia, plyphasia, kusmal resp.
The absence of beta cells lead to what?
type 1
when should accu checks be taken
before eating and before sleep.
counter regulatory hormones include
cortisol, epinephrine, glucagon, GH
beta cells secrete what? and that does what?
insulin which facilitates glucose into cells.
Alpha cells secrete and that does what?
glucagon, which breaks down glycogen the keeps blood glucose levels stable when not eating.
Delta cells secrete what and that does what/
somatostatin and that slows gastric emptying and decreases gastric acid.
-pevents spikes.
glucagon is a?
glucose is a?
glycogen is?
glycogenolyiss is
hormone
nutrient
stored
breakdown of glucagon to yeild glucose
gluconeogenesis is
breakdown of protein and fats into glucose.
an abnormal byproduct of gfat and brotein breakdown are?
ketones.
do not exercise when BG reaches what?
250-300
the formation of ketones result in the shifting of what? where?
potassium (K+) from inside cell to outside of cell.
insulin carries what? Where?
potassium (k+) back into cell and BG drops
ketones cause a loss of what?
Na and h20
Uti's and vaginal infections commonly lead to what?
Type 2 diabetes
intermediate acting does what
sustains a little longer, after meals.
short acting does what
quick action then tapers off (good meal coverage)
long acting does what
sustains thru night or helps alonw with short and intermediate acting to maintan constant BG levels thought day.
treatment for Somogyi is
decrease insulin
dawn Phenomenon can be treated by
changing time of insulin ingection. (intermediate acting)