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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what are the levator ani muscles?(3)
1. coccygeus
2. pubococcygeus
3. ileococcygeus
what are the branches of the internal iliac artery?(4)
1. superior gluteal artery (above piriformis)
2. Inferior gluteal artery (below piriformis)
3. internal pudendal artery (close to inferior gluteal artery)
4. obturator artery (runs w/ obturator nerve)
the spermatic cord goes thru the ___
superficial inguinal ring
where is the epididymis?
on top of the testis
cremaster muscle
continuation of muscle fibers of the INTERNAL oblique in the spermatic cord
testicular artery goes where?
branch off the abdominal aorta

goes to the inguinal canal (where it courses in the spermatic cord to the scrotum)
what is the trigone
its an area of the bladder, the funnel

a small triangular area just above the internal urethral orifice
what is the muscle on the wall of the bladder?
detrusor muscle
the internal urethral sphincter, which surrounds the internal urethral orifice is controlled by what?
efferent PARASYMPATHETIC fibers from S2-4 (pelvic splanchnic nerves) and symp. fibers from the lower 2 thoracic and upper two lumbar segments
external urethral sphincter is supplied by what?
pudendal nerve
internal ANAL sphincter is controlled by the ___ nervous system
parasympathetic
external ANAL sphincter is voluntary control by the ___ nerve
pudendal nerve
Male

the pudendal nerve (whats the cord segment?)

divides into what 3 branches?
pudendal nerve (S2-4)
1. inferior rectal nerve
2. perineal nerve
3. dorsal nerve of penis
Male

what are the portions of the urethra?
1. cavernous portion
2. membranous portion
3. prostatic portion.

the prostatic urethra goes thru the prostate gland
the vas deferens ends as the ___ and joins w/ the seminal vesicles
ampulla
the urogenital diaphragm forms the floor of the ___ 1/2 of the inferior pelvic aperture
anterior half
the posterior half of the inferior pelvic aperture is the ____ diaphragm
pelvic diaphragm

made up of levator ani
1. coccygeus
2. ileococcygeus
3. pubococcygeus
the urogenital diaphragm is a thin sheet of ____ muscle located between a superior and inferior layer of fascia spanning the sides of the ischiopubic ramus

in the male, the urethra passes thru the urogenital diaphragm
striated muscle

urethra passes thru the urgenital diaphragm in males
Female

what broad ligament contains what?
1. ovaries
2. uterine tube

broad ligament passes from the uterus to the lateral walls of the pelvis and contains these two things
the portion of the broad ligament that extends from the uterine tube and ovary is the ____
suspensory ligament = holds up uterine tube and ovary
female

round ligament =
begins at uterus and goes to inguinal canal

thicker
the ovarian artery comes from where?
abdominal aorta
internal urethral sphincter in males and females is controlled by what?
1. efferent parasymp. fibers from S2-4 (plevic splanchnic nerves)

2. symp. fibers from lower 2 thoracic and upper 2 lumbar segments.
the external urethral sphincter in males and females is supplied by ___ nerve
pudendal nerve
the internal ANAL sphincter in males and females is controlled by the ___nervous system
parasympathetic
the external anal sphincter in males and females are under voluntary control by the ___ nerve
pudendal nerve
female

the pudendal nerve (cord segment?) branches into what 3 things?
pudendal nerve S2-4 in females

1. inferior rectal nerve
2. perineal nerve
3. dorsal nerve of the clitoris
female, what passes thru the urogenital diaphragm
1. urethra
2. vagina
3. rectum