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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ankyloglossia
failure of apoptosis to free the tongue from the extensive attachment to the floor of the mouth
"tongue-tied"
Hypertrophy, Microglossia
incomplete fusion of primordia of tongue
(bifid tongue)
Dacryostenosis
Problem in fusing of MaxP to LNP and Max P merging with FP
-failure of canalization of the nasolacrimal duct
Cleft Lip forms at what stage?
MaxP fusing to MNP
(fails to merge the 1 and 2 palates)
Hypotelorism
orbits too close together
(det by ethmoid bone)
Hypertelorism
orbits too far apart
(det. by ethmoid bone)
Oblique Facial Cleft
cleft from lateral part of mouth toward auricle
-widermouth is a form of MACROSTOMIA
-ORO-ORBITAL- Cleft goes from the mouth toward the orbit
Cleft Lip more common in..
Males
Cleft Palate more common in...
Females
Factors leading to Cleft Palate
1)Abnormal tongue devo- tongue fails to get out of the way
2) Cysts left over from palate fusion- rupture and reopen the palatal cleft
3)Impediment of shelf force (drugs)
Mandibulofacial Dysotosis
celfts of structures derrived from arch I
Crouzon
(Maxillary Hypoplasia)
Hypoplasia of midface with Hypertelorism (eyes far apart)
improper closure of CORONAL SUTURE
Pierre Robin Sequence
(Mandibular Hypoplasia)
small jaw
forward displacement of tongue
difficulty breathing and cleft palate
Holprosencephaly
defect in the BILATERALIZATIOn of the forebrain
-cyclopia
-ethmoid bone
-median cleft lip
Holprosencephalies associated with facial features
1)Cyclopia
2)Ethmocephaly (hypotelorism and probiscis)
3) Cebocephaly (hypotelorism, probiscus, single nostril)
Aperts Syndrome
Tower skull (sutures are fused) and a flat face, syndactyly
Accutane Induced Facial Dysplaisia
first arch defects, ear anomalies, skin problems
Lateral Facial Dysplasia
first and second arch syndrom
-small mouth, unilateral facial hypoplasia
-small auricl
DISRUPTION
Insufficient growth of nueral crests
Ranula
enlargement of a gland due to a nonpatent duct
Di George Syndrome
thymoparathryoid aplasia
heart, craniofacial defects, hypoplastic madible, cleft palate, hypotelorism
*INSUFFICIENT NEURAL CREST MIGRATION