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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Developmental theories
Seek to identify, describe, and understand the development factors that explain the onset and continuation of a criminal career
Intertwining of personal factors, social factors, socialization factors, cognitive factors, and situational factors
Life course
Views criminality as a dynamic process, influenced by a multitude of individual characteristics, traits, and social experiences. The propensity for crime changes over the life course. Multiple pathways to crime, multiple classes of criminals, crime and its causes are interactional:they affect each other.
Social developmental Model
Attibutes criminal behavior patterns to childhood socialization and pro- or antisoical attachement over the life course.
Interactional theory's major premise?
Criminals go through lifestyle changes during their offending career.
Human nature theory
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Age-graded theory's major premise?
As people mature, the factos that influence their propensity to commit crime change. In childhood, family factors are critical; in adulthood , marital and job factos are key.
Major premise of General theory of crime?
Crime and criminality are separate concepts. People choose to commit crime when they lack self-control. People lacking self-control will seize criminal opportunities.
Strengths of life course?
Explains why some at-risk children desist from crime,
Research focus of life course?
Identify critical moments in a person's life course that produce crime.
Strengths of interactional theory?
Combines sociological and psychological theories.
Research focus of interactional theory?
Identify crime-producing interpersonal interactions and their reciporcal effects.
Strengths of age-graded theory?
Shows how crime is a developmental process that shifts in direction over the life course.
Research focus of age-graded theory?
Identify critical points in the life course that produce crime. Analyze the association between social capital and crime.
Strengths of General Theory of Crime?
Integrates choice and soical control concepts. Identifies the difference between crime and criminality.
Research focuc of General Theory of Crime?
Measure association among impulsivity, low self-control, and criminal behavior.