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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Scientific study of processes of change and stability throughout the human life span.
Human Development
Concept of development as a lifelong process, which can be studied scientifically
Life-span Development
Change in number of amount, such as in height, weight, or size of vocabulary
Quantitative Change
Change in kind, structure, or organization, such as the change from nonverbal to verbal communication
Qualitative Change
Growth of body and brain and change or stability in sensory capacities, motor skills, and health
Physical Development
Change or stability in mental abilities, such as learning, attention, memory, language, thinking, reasoning, and creativity.
Cognitive Development
Change and stability in emotions, personality, and social relationships
Psychosocial Development
Cocept about the nature of reality, based on societally shared perceptions or assumptions
Social Construction
Differences in characteristics, influences, or developmental outcomes
Individual Indifferences
Inborn characteristics inherited from the biological parents at conception
Totality of nonhereditary, or experiential influences on development
Unfolding of a natural sequence of physical and behavioral changes, including readiness to master new abilities
Kinship and household unit made up of one or two parents and their natural, adopted, or stepchildren
Nuclear Family
Kinship network of parents, children, and other relatives, sometimes living toether in an extended-family household
Extended Family
Combination of economic and social factors describing an individual or family, including income, education, and occupation
Socioeconomic Status (SES)
Conditions that increase the likelihood of a negative developmental outcome
Risk Factors
A society's or group's total way of life, including customs, traditions, beliefs, values, language, and physical products -- all learned behavior passed on from parents to children
Group united by ancestry, race, religion, language, and/or national origins, which contribute to a sense of shared identity
Ethnic Group
Characteristic of an event that occurs in a similar way for most people in a group
Group of people growing up at about the same time
Characteristic of an unusual event that happens to a particular person, or a typical event that happens at an unusual time of life
Instinctive form of learning in whic, during a critical period in early development, a young animal forms an attachment to the first moving object it sees, usually the mother
Specific time when a given event, or its absence, has a specific impact on development
Criticial Period
Times in development when a person is particularly responsive to certain kinds of experiences
Sensitive Periods
Four goals of the scientific study of human development
Describe, explain, predict and modify
Area of developmental scientists' study
Developmental change (quantitative and qualitative), stability of personality and behavior
Eight periods of human development and their age groups
Prenatal (conception to birth), infancy and toddlerhood (birth to 3), early childhood (3 to 6), middle childhood (6-11), adolescence (11-20), young adulthood (20-40), middle adulthood (40-65), late adulthood (65 and over)
Three major domains of human development
Physical, cognitive, and psychosocial
Influences that makes people different from others
Heredity, environment, maturation, individual changes as age increases
Most powerful neighborhood influences
Neighborhood income and human capital
Six principles of Baltes's life-span development approach
1. Development is lifelong
2. Development involves both gain and loss
3. relative influences of biology & culture shift over the life span
4. Development involves a changing allocation of resources
5. Development is modifiable
6. Devleopment is influenced by the historical and cultural context