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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A person who believed that the goodness and badness of an act depends on its consequences would be in what stage of development according to Kohlberg?
Punishment and obedience orientation (stage 1)
a person who believes that judgments are based on obtaining rewards and satisfying personal needs would be at what stage of development according to Kohlberg?
instrumental hedonism (stage 2)
the right action is the one that is liked is indicative of which stage of Kohlberg's theory?
Good boy/good girl orientation
(stage 3)
judgments are based on the rules that others have established is indicative of which stage in Kohlberg's theory?
Law and Order (stage 4)
the right action is the one that is consistent with laws that can be changed describes which stage of Kohlberg's theory?
morality of contract, individual rights, democratically accepted laws (stage 5)
what is right is based on my own determination is consistent with what stage in Kohlberg's theory?
morality of individual principles of conscience (stage 6)
list the preconventional stages in Kohlberg
punishment and obedience
Instrumental hedonism
list the conventional stages in Kohlberg's theory
Good boy/good girl
Law and order
list the postconventional stages in Kohlberg
morality of contract, individual rights
morality of individual principles of conscience
egocentrism is indicative of which stage in Piaget's theory?
preoperational
conservation is indicative of which stage in Piaget's theory?
concrete operations
symbolic thoguht is representative of which stage in Piaget's theory?
sensorimotor
centration is representative of which stage in Piaget's theory
preoperational
horizontal decalage is indicative of which stage of Piaget's theory?
concrete operational
irreversibilty is indicative of which stage in Piaget's theory?
preoperational
the smallest unit of sounds that are understood
phonemes
smallest unit of sounds that convey meaning
morphemes
what 3 basic cries are initially produced by infants?
hunger, pain, and anger
holophrases
single words that express whole words and phrases
telegraphic speech
stringing together 2 or more words to make a sentence
the age at which infants speak in holophrases
from 1 -2 years of age
the age at which infants speak using telegraphic speech
18-24 months
the theory that language determines thought
Whorf's relativity hypothesis
Piaget believed what about teh relationship between language and thought?
thought determines language
age at which children gain the ability to reflect on the use of language as a tool
by age 6 or 7
the organization of words, phrases, and sentences
surface structure
deep structure refers to
the underlying meaning of sentences
asserts that language is acquired due to innnate, universal patterns of development
nativist appraoch (Chomsky)
Bilingual children do:
worse
as well
better
as well or better
than monolingual children on tests of cognitive and language achievement
as well or better
alternating between languages during a conversation
code switching