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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Range of Applicability
The nature of the concepts and principles that a theory is trying to explain.
Psychosocial Theory
A theory of psychological development that proposes that cognitive, emotional, and social growth are the result of the interaction between social expectations at each life stage and the competencies that people bring to each life challenge.
Psychosocial Evolution
The contribution of each generation to the knowledge and norms of society.
Developmental Stage
A period of life dominated by a particular quality of thinking or a particular mode of social relationships. The notion of stages suggests qualitative changes in competence at each phase of development.
Epigenetic Principle
A biological plan for growth such that each function emerges in a systematic sequence until the fully functioning organism has developed.
Developmental Tasks
Skills and competencies that are acquired at each stage of development.
Age-Graded Expectations
Views held within societies about what would be appropriate behavior at a given time in life.
Sensitive Periods
A span of time during which a particular skill or behavior is most likely to develop.
Teachable Moments
A time when a person is most ready to acquire a new ability.
Psychosocial Crisis
A predictable life tension that arises as people experience some conflict between their own competencies and the expectations of their society.
Radius of Significant Relationships
The groups of important people in one's life. The breadth and complexity of these groups change over the life span.
Family
A group of people, usually related by blood, marriage, or adoption.
Culture
Refers to the socially standardized ways of thinking, feeling, and acting that are shared by members of a society.
Ethnic Subcultures
The cultrual values and behavioral patterns characteristic of a particular group in a society that shares a common ancestry; memories of a shared historical past; and a cultural focus on symbolic elements that distinguish the group from others.
Coping Behavior
Active efforts to respond to stress. Coping includes gathering newe information, maintaining control over one's emotions, and preserving freedom of movement.
Appraisal of the Situation
In coping, an estimate of the nature, quality, and importance of the stressors in a situation.
Prime Adaptive Ego Qualities
Mental states that form a basic orientation toward the interpretation of life experiences; new ego qualities emerge in the positive resolution of each psychosocial crisis.
Core Pathologies
Destructive forces that result from severe, negative resolutions of the psychosocial crises.
Agency
Viewing the self as the originator of action.
Communion
The commitment to and consideration for the well-being of others.