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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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Proximodistal
growth from mid line to peripheral
Infant at 5 months
Palmer grasp
No head lag
Rolls abd to back
A TO B
Objects to mouth
Infant at 2 months
can lift head when prone
When supine follows side to side
Smiles
Coos Turns head to find sound
Infant at 10 months
and
11 months*
stands when holding onto funiture
meaning to da da
develips object permanence
"so big"
************11months*********
Cruises
drops objects so others can pick up
shakes head for no
*neat pincer grasp- pick up tiny object and put in long neck bottle
Toddler years
18 months
walking up stars with 1 hand
pull and push toys
jumps in same spot with 2 feet
throws ball overhand with out falling
uses spoon with out rotation
can talk off some clothes
24-30 toilet training
Infant at 7 months
Uses 1 hand for grasp
Bears full weight on feet when supported
baba, dada
Biting, oral aggresiveness
starts to responds to names
4 teeth
Infant at 4 months
Starts to roll - back to side
Sits erect if propped
Grasps with 2 hands
accomodates to near objects
laughs
Infant psychosocial development
Erikson Trust vs Mistrust
foundation for succeeding phases
Piaget- sensorimotor phase- birth to 24 months
uses of reflexes then repetion followed by an act and response
Leads to voluntary acts that progress to banging, shaking, and pulling
6-8 months object permenance begins with object in place
Nutrition continued
Look at posture and energy to see if nutrition is met
teeth and muscle development
Parent will struggle with no
Use small portions
Food jags
Give choices
Infant at 8 months
Parachute reflex appears
Sits unsupported
Beginning pincer grasp
Listens to familiar words
Separation anxiety increases
The Terrible twos
24 months
up and down stairs, 2 feet each step
turns pages one at a time
turns knobs, unscrews lid
2-3 word phreases
300 words
Respiratory system
Small lumen
Aspiration warning
Leading cause of death under 1 yr
yet caution in toddler years too
examples
STOMACH TO PLAY BACK TO SLEEP
Infant at 9 months
Creeps
Pulls self to standing position comprehends no no
play examples- tear big, bright pieces of paper, bang pots and pans
Infant at one month
Move head side to side
Marked head lag
Grasp Reflex
Fixate on object 8-10"
Watches parents faces as talk to them
Play examples- watch faces, mobiles, black and white, rocking, cuddling
Terrible twos
30 months
jumps with both feet not in same place
stands on 1 foot momentarily
tower 8 blocks
holds crayon with fingers
notice sex differences
Infants at 6 months
Grasps and manipulates small objects
when prone can lift chest and upper abd off table
Rolls back to abd
Play examples- mirror, fuzzy toys, bright toys
Start to introduce other foods besides breast milk
Nutrition
teeth start about 6 months 6-8 of them by one year
4-6 months or later introduce solid foods
8-9 months- often eating simple family foods
3 years all diciduous teeth are in
12 months
Cruises well
May attempt to stand alone
Attempts to block tower but fails
Turns many pages in a book at a time
3-5 words besides mama and dada
Accidental deaths
Ages 1-4 motor vehicle accident
falling out window
Sharp objects
safety from strangers
Cephalocaudal
Growth starting from the head
Toddler 3 years*
climbs stairs with alternate feet*
stand on 1 foot
walk on tiptoe
ride what?
Could be using fork
general play parallel play
tactile play imitation
Nutrition continued
Infants require more calories, iron supplements ca and phospherous
Toddlers- 850-1000 calories, increase in protein for muscle devlpment in the back and thighs
Toddler
Rates of Growth
Toddler (12-36 months)
Elongation of legs
Height (1-2 yr) 4 3/4
(2-3yr) 2 3/8'-3 1/4"
Weight quadruples by 2 or 2.5
Chest? abd. by 2 yrs
Chgs in VS continue
Infant at 3 months*
When prone lifts head and shoulders
Bears weight on forearm
Holds rattle
Stops crying when parents enter room
Bubbles, chuckles
Play examples- bright colors, different environments, rattle
Infant
Rates of growth
Trunk growth predominates
Height (.6) 1" to (6-12) 1/2"
Weight triples
Chest=head 1 yr
Heart doubles in weight
Decline HR including BP Heart rate should be 120-130
Toddler years
15 months
walks with help
builds tower of 2 blocks
uses cup well : rotates spoon
can release a small object into a narrow necked bottle
identifies geometric forms