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39 Cards in this Set

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DEFINE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND ITS 3 ELEMENTS
THE SCIENCE THAT SEEKS TO UNDERSTAND THE WAYS IN WHICH PEOPLE CHANGE AND REMAIN THE SAME AS THEY GROW OLDER. (1) SCIENCE (2) ALL KINDS OF PEOPLE (3) CHANGE FROM CONCEPTION TO DEATH
MULTIDIRECTIONAL
A CHARACTERISTIC OF DEVELOPMENT, REFERRING TO ITS NONLINEAR PROGRESSION-GAINS AND LOSSES, COMPENSATIONS AND DEFICITS, PREDICTABLE AND UNEXPECTED CHANGES
MULTICULTURAL
A CHARACTERISTIC DEVELOPMENT, WHICH TAKES PLACE WITHIN MANY CULTURAL SETTINGS WORLDWIDE AND THUS REFLECTS A MULTITUDE OF VALUES, TRADITIONS AND TOOLS FOR LIVING
MULTIDISCIPLINARY
A CHARACTERISTIC OF DEVELOPMENT ENCOMPASSING THE IDEA THAT DOZENS OF ACADEMIC DISCIPLINES CONTRIBUTE DATA AND INSIGHT TO THE SCIENCE OF DEVELOPMENT
PLASTICITY
A CHARACTERISTIC OF DEVELOPMENT THAT INDICATES THAT INDIVIDUALS-INCLUDING THEIR PERSONALITIES AS WELL AS THEIR BODIES AND MINDS-CHANGE THROUGHOUT THE LIFE SPAN
DYNAMIC SYSTEMS
A PROCESS OF CONTINUAL CHANGE WITHIN A PERSON OR GROUP, IN WHICH EACH CHANGE IS CONNECTED SYSTEMATICALLY TO EVERY OTHER DEVELOPMENT IN EACH INDIVIDUAL AND EVERY SOCIETY
LINEAR CHANGE
GRADUAL, SMOOTH INCREASE OVERTIME
BUTTERFLY EFFECT
THE IDEA THAT A SMALL ACTION OR EVENT MAY SET OFF A SERIES OF CHANGES THAT CULMINATE IN A MAJOR EVENT
WHAT ARE THREE ASPECTS OF SOCIAL CONTEXT?
HISTORICAL, SOCIOECONOMIC, AND CULTURAL CONTEXTS
COHORT
A GROUP OF PEOPLE WHOSE SHARED BIRTH YEAR, OR DECADE, MEANS THAT THEY TRAVEL THROUGH LIFE TOGETHER, EXPERIENCING THE SAME MAJOR HISTORICAL CHANGES
SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION
AN IDEA THAT IS BUILT MORE ON SHARED PERCEPTIONS OF SOCIAL ORDER THAN ON OBJECTIVE REALITY
WHAT MEMORIES (AGE WISE) DO PEOPLE USUALLY REMEMBER THE MOST FONDLY?
ADOLESCENCE AND EARLY ADULTHOOD
SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS (SES)
AN INDICATOR OF A PERSON'S SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC STANDING, MEASURED THROUGH A COMBINATION OF FAMILY INCOME, EDUCATIONAL LEVEL, PLACE OF RESIDENCE, OCCUPATION AND OTHER VARIABLES
COLLECTIVE EFFICACY
OCCURS WHEN NEIGHBORS CREATE A FUNCTIONING, INFORMAL NETWORK OF PEOPLE WHO SHOW CONCERN FOR EACH OTHER AND THEIR BLOCK
WHAT ARE SOME EXAMPLES OF THINGS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO COLLECTIVE EFFICACY OF A NEIGHBORHOOD?
TRASH REMOVAL, REPAIRS, SAFE CHILDREN, RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS, SCHOOLS, CLINICS, AND STORES
WHAT IS THE SINGLE MOST IMPORTANT PREDICTOR OF A RESILIENT CHILD?
QUALITY OF PARENTING
CULTURE
THE SPECIFIC MANIFESTATIONS OF A SOCIAL GROUP'S DESIGN FOR LIVING, DEVELPED OVER YEARS TO PROVIDE A SOCIAL STRUCTURE FOR THE GROUP MEMBER'S LIFE TOGETHER
DESCRIBE HOW EASTERN AND WESTERN VIEWS DIFFER ON WHETHER CHILDREN SLEEP WITH PARENTS OR NOT.
WESTERN-SLEEP SEPARATE, THOSE THAT SLEEP TOGETHER CONNECTION WITH SEXUAL ABUSE
EASTERN-SLEEP TOGETHER, MIGHT VIEW THOSE THAT SLEEP SEPARATE AS CHILD ABUSE
ETHNIC GROUP
A COLLECTION OF PEOPLE WHO SHARE CERTAIN ATTRIBUTES, ALMOST ALWAYS INCLUDING ANCESTRAL HERITAGE AND OFTEN INCLUDING NATIONAL ORIGIN, RELIGION, CUSTOMS, AND LANGUAGE
RACE
A SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION BY WHICH BIOLOGICAL TRAITS ARE USED TO DIFFERENTIATE PEOPLE WHOSE ANCESTORS CAME FROM VARIOUS REGIONS OF THE WORLD
DEVELOPMENT IS DIVIDED INTO WHAT THREE DOMAINS?
BIOSOCIAL
COGNITIVE
PSYCHOSOCIAL
WHAT ARE THE 5 BASIC STEPS OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD?
1. FORMULATE A RESEARCH QUESTION
2. DEVELOP A HYPOTHESIS
3. TEST THE HYPOTHESIS
4. DRAW CONCLUSIONS
5. MAKE THE FINDINGS AVAILABLE
HYPOTHESIS
A SPECIFIC PREDICTION THAT IS STATED IN SUCH A WAY THAT IT CAN BE TESTED AND EITEHR CONFIRMED OR REFUTED
SCIENTIFIC OBSERVATION
A METHOD OF TESTING HYPOTHESE BY UNOBTRUSIVELY WATCHING AND RECORDING PARTICIPANTS' BEHAVIOR EITHER IN A LABORATORY OR IN A NATURAL SETTING
CORRELATION
A NUMBER INDICATING THE DEGREE OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TWO VARIABLES
WHAT IS THE ONLY SCIENTIFIC METHOD THAT CAN DETERMINE CAUSATION?
EXPERIMENT
INDEPENDENT VARIABLE
IN AN EXPERIMENT, THE VARIABLE THAT IS INTRODUCED OR CHANGED TO SEE WHAT EFFECT IT HAS ON THE DEPENDENT VARIABLE
DEPENDENT VARIABLE
IN AN EXPERIMENT, THE VARIABLE THAT MAY CHANGE AS A RESULT OF THE INTRODUCTION OF OR CHANGES MADE IN THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLE
COMPARISON GROUP
IN AN EXPERIMENT, THE PARTICIPANTS WHO ARE NOT GIVEN SPECIAL TREATMENT BUT WHO ARE SIMILAR TO THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP IN OTHER RELEVANT WAYS
AKA CONTROL GROUP
CROSS-SECTIONAL RESEARCH
A RESEARCH METHOD IN WHICH GROUPS OF PEOPLE WHO DIFFER IN AGE BUT SHARE OTHER IMPORTANT CHARACTERISTICS ARE COMPARED
LONGITUDINAL RESEARCH
A RESEARCH METHOD IN WHICH THE SAME INDIVIDUALS ARE STUDIED OVER A LONG PERIOD OF TIME
CROSS-SEQUENTIAL RESEARCH
A HYBRID RESEARCH METHOD IN WHICH RESEARCHERS FIRST STUDY SEVERAL GROUPS OF PEOPLE OF DIFFERENT AGES AND THEN FOLLOW THOSE GROUPS OVER THE YEARS
AKA COHORT-SEQUENTIAL OR TIME-SEQUENTIAL RESEARCH
ECOLOGICAL-SYSTEMS APPROACH
RESEARCH THAT TAKES INTO CONSIDERATION THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE INDIVIDUAL AND THE ENVIRONMENT
MICROSYSTEMS
ELEMENTS OF A PERSON'S IMMEDIATE SURROUNDINGS, SUCH AS FAMILY AND PEER GROUP
EXOSYSTEMS
LOCAL INSTITUTIONS SUCH AS SCHOOLS AND CHURCHES
MACROSYSTEMS
THE LARGER SOCIAL SETTING, INCLUDING CULTURAL VALUES, ECONOMIC POLICIES, AND POLITICAL PROCESSES
CHRONOSYSTEMS
THE HISTORICAL CONDITION
MESOSYSTEM
CONNECTIONS BETWEEN MICROSYTEMS (COMMUNICATION BETWEEN PARENTS AND TEACHER)
CODE OF ETHICS
A SET OF MORAL PRINCIPLES THAT IS FORMALLY ADOPTED BY A GROUP OR ORGANIZATION